Jim Corbett National Park is the oldest national park in India and was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park to protect theendangered Bengal tiger. Located in the district of Nainital, Corbett National Park is a perfect place for nature enthusiasts and wildlife lovers. The park got its name after the famous hunter who turned into a conservationist, Jim Corbett and is a hub of excitement and thrill and is addressed as a wonderful place. A niche set on the foot of the Himalaya and secluded within the border of Uttarakhand, the Corbett National Park, acknowledged as the first national park in India, is an ultimate wilderland where one can visualize of an ideal forest camping amidst the vast rich and intense verdure. Surrounded by jaded greens and grasslands, this wildlife sanctuary is blessed with varieties of flora and fauna.
The recent trend of the tourist visit that has been marked by the park authority shows dynamic increase in the number of visitors coming every year. More than 70,000 visitors come to the park in peak season from the different part of the country and abroad. Dense moist deciduous forest mainly consists of sal, haldu, peepal, rohini and mango trees. Forest covers almost 73% of the park, 10% of the area consists of grasslands. It houses around 110 tree species, 50 species of mammals, 580 bird species and 25 reptile species.
The park is divided into four separate zones, known as Durgadevi, Dhikala, Jhirna, and Bijrani, sprawled across an area of 520 square kilometers. All four of these are ideal for spotting a tiger in its natural habitat.
General Informtaion :
Identification : First and Oldest National Park in India
National Park Area : 520.8 km2 (201.1 sq mi)
Reserve Area : 1318 km2
Location : located in Nainital district of Uttarakhand
Temperature range : 5 °C (41 °F) to 30 °C (86 °F) during the winter, Summer temperatures normally do not rise above 40 °C (104 °F).
Altitude : between 360 m (1,181 ft) and 1,040 m (3,412 ft).
Annual Rainfall : 1400-2800 mm
Best Season : November to June
Attraction of Park :
The Jim Corbett National Park is blessed with the natural bounty in the form of distinct flora which comprises of fresh water flora and alpine flora. A total of 488 different species of plants have been recorded in the park. It is an absolute haven to nature lovers and the whispering ambiance simple makes it an ideal destination for wildlife photography. easily spot Chir pine, which is the only conifer of the park and Banj Oak, which is essentially a Himalayan species. Other major tree species are Kanju, Date Palms, Jamun, Aamla, Bel, Kusum, Mahua and Bakli. Amongst the floral family that makes your time calico, the verdure is patched with Kachnaar (Bauhinia variegata) with pink to white flowers, Semal (Bombax ceiba) with big red blooms, Dhak or Flame-of-the-forest (Butea monosperma) with bright orange flowers, Madaar or Indian Coral (Erythrinia indica) with scarlet red flowers and Amaltas (Cassia fistula) with bright yellow chandelier. Being one of the richest home of wild animals, the Jim Corbett National Park is rich in flora too. More than 75% of the total area of the Corbett is dominated by Sal forests.
Corbett National Park was the first Tiger Reserve under the project in India. So from that point of view Corbett is one of the oldest as well as the largest national park of India. Dotted within the whispering grasslands and dense forest the Corbett wildlife sanctuary hosts more than 500 species of resident and migratory birds have been categorized, including the crested serpent eagle, blossom-headed parakeet and the red junglefowl, varied species of reptiles, amphibians, fish and insects. Due to the abundance of camouflage in the reserve, tigers, though behold the virtue within the forest, are hard to spot. The park is an ideal home for many majestic animals like the Royal Bengal Tiger, Asiatic Elephant and many other wild animals. Due to healthy population of wild today, Corbett is one of best preserved parks with 164 numbers of tigers and over 600 elephants. As per the recent survey Corbett reveals the highest density of population of tigers in the country at 20/100 square kilometers. The park also includes several species of cats like the jungle cat, fishing cat and leopard cat. One of the major attractions is the Indian python and the park is also a haven to several species of birds like the crested serpent eagle, blossom-headed parakeet and the red jungle fowl.
Amongst the beautiful animals dwelling inside the park, Tigers are the main attraction. The park has an entire reserve for the tigers and this place witnesses many visitors coming to catch a glimpse of the majestic creatures. Indeed, Corbett National Park is a prominent vacationing place to be surrounded by nature and wildlife.
Dhikala Zone :
Dhikala is a well-known destination in the park and situated at the fringes of Patli Dun valley. Decorated with primitive natural beauty, the zone is recognized as the excellent tourist area and is closed during the rest year. The best time to visit Dhikala zone is from November till June. Situated on the edges of Patil Dun, Dhikala zone is a good place to spot Bengal Tiger, Cheetahs, elephants, etc.
Jeep Safari :
As no one is permitted to take their personal vehicles inside the forest area of Corbett national park, one need to take park authorize gypsy’s to enter into the national park for jeep safaris, Jeep safaris can be done through Jhirna, Bijrani and Durgadevi gate of Corbett national park, one need to take permit from Park’s Ramnagar office for jeep safaris and can enter into the forest Area from their respective gate after showing permits to the park officials at these gates.
Best Time To visit :
The months of November through June are the perfect time to visit Corbett National Park as the park remains open to tourists during these periods only. Moreover June is ideal for a nature walk whereas April and May is perfect for WILD SUNBURN, so summer is not the best time. The main reason for closure of the park during rest of the year is that the roads inside the park get washed away due to rain. The repair work starts after the monsoon and ends only by November till the roads are back in motorable condition.
How To Reach :
By Air : The closest international airport to Corbett National Park is Indira Gandhi International Airport in New Delhi and domestic airport is Pantnagar Airport in Pantnagar, Uttarakhand. From Pantnagar, you can easily avail pre-paid taxis to get to the national park.
By Rail : Ramnagar is the only nearest railway station to Jim Corbett National Park. A direct train to Ramnagar runs from Delhi. Alternatively, one can reach up to Haldwani/Kashipur/Kathgodam and come to Ramnagar by road. Taxis are easily available from these stations.
By Road : Corbett from Delhi which is 260 kilometres, from Lucknow it is 145 kilometres, Nainital about 66 kilometres and Ranikhet about 112 kilometres away.
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