Garmur Satra

Garmur_Satra,_Majuli

Sattras are one of the unique features of Vaishnavism in Assam. Sattras in Assam are basically monasteries which were established to propagate neo-Vaishnavism. In 15th century, the first Sattra was founded in Majuli in Assam. Garmur Satra is a large village located in Majuli of Jorhat district, Assam with total 524 families residing.  It is considered a prominent holy site and was established in the year 1656 AD by Jayaharideva. The tourists visiting Majuli Island should enter this bamboo hall of masks. Myriad kinds of masks basically on Hindu mythological characters like Narashingha, Hanuman, Ravana, Rama and many more are displayed. 

The king, however, did not grant their appeal. He, instead, patronised Lakshminarayana by placing him as the head of a newly built Satra which came to be known as the Garmur Satra in which a new idol known as Vamsigopala or Vamsivadana was installed. The ambience is solemn, much like that of an ashram-a monastery. Bamshi Gopal Dev, the chief preacher of the Vaishnava cult in eastern Assam, is the guiding spirit for the way of life for the pontiffs and the apostolate of Garmur Sattra.  Raasleela is performed with great zeal and enthusiasm during autumn. Majuli is known the world over in academic circles for the Sattras which have preserved Vaisnavite culture. Sankardeva gave classical songs, dances and dramas and a philosophy to the common people over five hundred years ago; a visit to the Sattras, especially on festival days like Janmashtami or Rasa will inform any tourist that Sattriya culture is an inexhaustible source of joy. The dances are colourful and spectacular and they can be unfailing sources of delight as well as subjects for research and investigation. Sattriya culture developed mainly at Majuli, Bardowa, Barpeta and Madhupur.  This Vaishnavite site in Majuli houses many ancient articles and artifacts which help people in getting a deeper insight to the religious beliefs of the people here. Locals show the eternal love story Lord Krishna and Radha. There are many more festivals that are celebrated on this island. They have the Ali-ai-ligang, which symbolizes the beginning of the paddy sowing season. Then there is the tribal festival called the Bathow puja,this is to worship Lord Shiva. As the autumn comes to an end, people here have a huge fair called the Paal Naam which takes place in the Auniati Satra. This is where the famous Apsara dance is performed.

The structure of bamboo made room also attracts the tourists experiencing the mask making process and artists’ creativity. So it is an add-on attraction for the globetrotters visiting Assam. There were two Garmurs before—the great and the little Garmur. Though both of them were located side by side, they had independent identities. While theBor Garmur (the great one) was following the celibate order, the little Garmur allowed marriages. Only during the 20th century, the two Garmur sattras merged into one. The satra is maintained in a clean and tidy manner and the solitude of the place imparts peace to one’s mind and soul. The satra houses many valuable possessions like utensils made of silver and ivory, wheels for elephant carts, sculptures of Umber and many other ancient literary manuscripts.

On your visit here, you must try the local food. A typical Assamese cuisine includes Khar, Tenga, Laksa and different variety of rice. Locals also say that you must have the Saul cereal and the pitha. Majuli is very well connected by waterways and roadways. The tourists can take a ferry to reach the Garmur Satra and also avail taxis or buses which carry people to this location.

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Rang Ghar

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Rang ghar is an important archaeological monument in Assam and India. It is said to be the oldest amphitheatre in the whole of Asia and has often been referred to as the ‘Colosseum of the East’. Rang Ghar is located about 3 km from sivasagar town in Assam is the two stories building, which once served as the royal sports-pavilion where Ahom kings and nobles were spectators at games like buffalo fights and other sports at Rupahi Pathar  ticularly during the Rongali Bihu festival in the Ahom capital of Rangpur. The building was constructed during the reign of Swargadeo by Pramatta Singha in AD 1744-1750. This 10 meters high, royal, sports pavilion was constructed to watch cultural programmes and traditional games like buffalo and elephant fights, especially organized during Bihu Festival. The Rang ghar, Assam was used as a logo in the 33rd National Games which was conducted in Guwahati, Assam held in February 2007. The Rang Ghar of assam is an Entertainment House.

Ranghar_-_Assam Rang ghar (meaning Amusement house) is an amusement amphitheater which was built by the Ahom kings of Assam, Said to be one of the oldest surviving amphitheaters in Asia. The Rang ghar building has two floors. The entrance of the Rang Ghar has two beautiful stone-carved crocodile structures on either sides, whereas, the roof of the main structure is like a boat, kept upside down. The central unit of the ground plan is rectangular and annexed with small structures of trapezoid ends making the entire ground plan like an octagon. The roof of the structure is parabolic which supported by rows of massive columns and semi-circulararches and shows Islamic influence in architectural features. 

Architecture : 

Rang_Ghar_at_Sibsagar,_Assam The Rang ghar is a quite old architectural structure of Assam. It depicts the Architectural taste of the period and is hence of great importance to archaeologists and historians. The roof of the Rang Ghar is shaped like an inverted royal Ahom long boat.  The structure has been built on lines of the royal boat Ahom. The Ahoms, who used special, thin, baked bricks, did not use cement but a paste of rice and eggs as mortar for their construction, a pulses called Maati Maah Assames and a fish named Borali Mach in Assamese The inner surface of Rang Ghar has been lined using the powdered lime with bricks. It is said that this layer of powder used to keep the inside of the Rang Ghar cool. On the top of the roof, one can find a pair of sculpted stone crocodiles. Wide ground known as the Rupohi Pothar surrounds the Rang Ghar where earlier bull fights, wrestling and cock fights were organized. It has now been maintained as manicured field that looks beautiful from the top of Rang Ghar.

About a kilometer to the northeast of the Rang Ghar is the Joysagar Pukhuri. This is a man-made tank, encompassing an area of about 120 bighas of land. It was dug in memory of Joymoti Konwari, mother of Rudra Singha – the most illustrious of the Ahom kings. 

How To Reach :

By Air : Nearest Airport is the Rowriah airport in Jorhat is 60 km from sivasagar.  From Sivasagar to Rang Ghar is 7 km Far. Large number of Goverment buses and Services available to go Rang Ghat

By Rail : Nearest Airport is Sivasagar which is well connected all major city of Assam and as well of all state of India. 

By Road : Sivasagar is well connected to the main cities of Assam and bus services are easily available. 

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Tezpur

Tezpur in Assam is situated on the banks of river Brahmaputra, in Sonitpur district is a city and Urban Agglomeration and the administrative headquarters and municipal board of district. Tezpur has great contributions in art, culture and literature, in the history of Assam so its considered to be the “Cultural Capital of Assam”. It is a city steeped in mythology and folklore. As they say, it is a place where stones tell stories while valleys sing along. The pleasant town of Tezpur lies amid tea gardens and military cantonments on the north bank of the Brahmaputra. It has undulated green valleys surrounded by the hills of Arunachal Pradesh, snow capped peaks of Himalayas, lush green tea gardens and magnificent archaeological ruins. Ruins dating back to 4th century are found in this town, which is Assam’s oldest inhabited city. Tezpur, the fifth largest city of the state of Assam.

The population of Tezpur is largely heterogeneous. You’ll mostly witness a good strength of Assamese, Bengali, Nepali, Bihari, and Marwari communities. Tezpur is also known as the Most Clean City of Assam because of its clean and green view. Tezpur attracts every visitor who comes here with its beautiful parks, hillocks, sceneries and well established hotels. 

History : 

Monument_showing_the_historical_-Hari-Hor_Yuddha-_at_Agnigarh_Hill,_Tezpur Tezpur name of the place originated from the Sanskrit words ‘Teza’ that means blood and ‘Pura’ that means town or city. According to legend, the original name of the city was Sonitpur. Modern Tezpur was founded by the British colonial administration in 1835 as the headquarters of Darrang district. During World War II, Tezpur received large numbers of refugees fleeing from Burma, particularly the corps of Anglo-Burmese and Anglo-Indiannurses.  After independence of India in 1947, it remained the headquarters of Darrang district. Gradually it became an important   centre of trade and commerce, used  as a river port for the surrounding tea gardens and other colonial commercial ventures in the  hinterland. The first electric power station in this part of India was established at Tezpur by the British in 1913. Tezpur is considered to be the cultural capital of Assamese culture. Being from the core Assamese cultural region, several notables including Dr. Bhupen Hazarika, Jyoti Prasad Agarwala (1903–51), Kalaguru Bishnu Prasad Rabha (1909–69), and Phani Sarma (1909–70), were from Tezpur.

Culture and People : 

It is a city steeped in mythology and folklore. Tezpur is considered to be the cultural capital of Assamese culture. Being from the core Assamese cultural region, several notables including Dr. Bhupen Hazarika, Jyoti Prasad Agarwala (1903–51), Kalaguru Bishnu Prasad Rabha (1909–69), and Phani Sarma (1909–70), were from Tezpur.  people from tribes like the tea-tribes (brought in by the colonial planters as indentured labourers from the Chhotanagpur plateau region), Bodos, and Mishings.  Assamese dance form, Bihu, during the festival time. In this folk dance, men and women dance together while clearly establishing their distinct gender roles through their steps, formation and expressions. The majority of the people in the urban areas are of Hindu faith although a small number of Jains Sikhs and Muslim are also found.In the rural areas the people adhere to a reformed form of Hinduism known as neo-vaishnavite movement founded in 1500’s by the great Assamese reformer Srimanta Sankardeva. The Assamese women of this region prefer wearing a two piece traditional garment called mekhla. Assamese men generally wear their traditional dress, dhoti-gamosa. 

Tourist Attraction : 

Agnigarh : 

Agnigarh_Hill,_Tezpur Agnigarh is among the main tourist destinations of the city which is also a favourite picnic spot to visit. The place where the legendary romance of Princess Usha and Anirudha blossomed. As it was surrounded by fire on all sides, it was named Agnigarh. The structural remains here belong to the 9th and 10th century, representing the Gupta period art. There is a very famous legendary story behind this place. Agnigarh provides a panoramic view of the great river and Tezpur. Recently Agnigarh has been developed as a beautiful park by district administration. The place is indeed a wonderful place to visit and offers a lot to the tourists.

Bamuni Hills : 

59099491 The ruins of Bamuni Hills are the most famous. They resemble Gupta period art. Accordingly, there are plenty of myths as well. The structural remains present here date back to the 9th and 10th century and attract historians and art lovers from all over the world. The stone carvings depicted on the walls of Bamuni Hills are fine specimen of architectural brilliance of the ancient age. A group of seven shrines is located here and figures of ten incarnations of Lord Vishnu depicted in the bracket lintel hat is cross-shaped. Bhairabi temple and Mahabhairab temple and twin tanks of Bar Pukhuri and Padum Pukhuri are the other architectural attractions of Tezpur.

Padum Pukhuri : 

59_big Padum Pukhuri  is a well-known lake, with an island situated inside is refers to lotus pond and it is a scenic lake. The island has been developed into a beautiful park with a musical fountain and it is connected with the mainland by means of an iron bridge. The main attractions of the park is the toy train, water sports, with the rowing and paddling.

Nameri National Park : 

NAMERI_NATIONAL_PARK Around 35 km from the city of Tezpur, at the foothills of the eastern Himalayas, Near the Jia Bhoroli river, the Nameri National Park sprawls over from Assam to Aruachal Pradesh. Nameri National Park is spread in an area of 200 sq park opens the door to view some of the rarest species of plants and animals. it is considered to be one of the richest as well as the most threatened reservoirs of the plant and the animal kingdom.  The park is home to the mithun or Indian bison and the rare white winged wood duck, among the most endangered avian species in the world. Some of the rare Himalayan plant varieties are seen here. Around 600 species of plant life can be found in the tropical evergreen, semi- evergreen, and moist deciduous forests of Assam. Yet another attractive feature of the park is that you could go swimming, river rafting and sunbathing here.

Bura-Chapori Wildlife Sanctuary : 

Bura_Chapori_Wildlife_Sanctuary_in_Assam Situated 30 kms from Tezpur city on the southern banks of Brahmaputra River. Bura-Chapori Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the most frequented tourist destinations. Covering an area of 44.06 sq.km with rich flora and fauna and serves as a home to Bengal florican bird species and other animal species of the wildlife present here includes tiger, wild buffalo, wild pig, one horned rhino and elephants. The wildlife safari tour lets you have an in depth study of the sanctuary’s best features. 

Cole Park : 

The_jet_fighter_at_Cole_Park It is, undoubtedly, one of the most beautiful places in Tezpur. Established by Mr. Cole, a Commissioner of Assam under British rule. It was later renovated by Mr. M.G.V.K. Bhanu, the deputy Commissioner of Tezpur, in 1996. The scenic park is set in a stunning landscape with many hillocks and lakes adding beauty to the atmosphere. The park is the perfect place for the peace lovers. It has water sports facility, walk ways, restaurant and  open air stage. Recently renamed as Chitralekha Udyan, Cole Park has a small water body as well, where rowing, paddle boats and such other water sports are allowed. From April to September, the park also contains bumper cars and water slides. The important attractions of the park include two huge decorated stone pillars and sculptural ruins of Bamuni hills belonging to the 9th and 10th centuries. The walkway in the path encourages you to have a relaxed walk in the serene atmosphere.

 

Da-Parbatia : 

Da-Parbatia The ruins of the door frame of the De Parbatia temple, a few kilometres away from Tezpur, is stands proof of the architectural excellence of the ancient Assam. Except for its finely carved doorframe depicting Ganga and Yamuna, this is said to be the oldest specimen of religious art is Assam. Its carving is characteristic of the style of the early Gupta school of sculpture. The site is now protected by the Archaeological Survey of India. 

Mahabhairab Temple : 

Sri_Sri_Beleswar_Siva_Mandir,_Tezpur Mahabhairab Temple, located in the northern part of Tezpur over a small hilltop, is considered as a significant landmark of the city contributes a lot to the magnetic charm and beauty of the place. The temple was built between the 8th and 10th centuries and established by king Bana contributes to Tezpur’s glory and magnetic charm. This temple is mainly dedicated to Lord Shiva and has one of the largest Shiva lingams in the world. The place has now become a very important pilgrimage spot of Assam and attracts thousands of devotees every year. The most important festival observed at Mahabhairab temple is Shivratri that is celebrated here with pomp and show.  

Best Time To Visit : 

It is one of the very few destinations in India which you can visit any time of the year without any worries. Tezpur receives moderate to heavy rainfall during rainy season in the months of June to September. In Summer The average temperature during this time of the year is usually 18oC to 36oC. mercury reading during winter time is around 7oC to 22oC.

How To Reach :

Tezpur is connected to the rest of the country by road, rail and air : 

By Air : Nearest airport is the Saloni (10 km)Airport, It is well connected to kolkata, Jorhat and Guwahati. From the airport, cabs and buses are available to take the passengers to the centre of the city.

By Rail : It has its own Railway Station which is well connected to all major city of Assam.

By Road : The most convenient and preferred way of commuting to Tezpur is by roadways. Frequent bus services are available to and from the city and this include both the state run and the private bus services.

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Orang National Park

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The Orang National Park is situated on the north bank of the Brahmaputra River  in the Darrang and Sonitpur districts of the state of Assam, covers an area of 78.81 square kilometres. The forest was declared a Wildlife Sanctuary in 1985  after it was declared as a National Park in 1999.  One of Assam’s oldest, yet least known Protected Areas, Orang is largely swampy with thick grasslands and an important breeding ground for varieties of Fishes. Orang National Park is known for its population of Rhino and Tiger.  The park has a rich flora and fauna, including great Indian one-horned rhinoceros, pigmy hog, elephants, wild buffalo and tigers. The actual population had come down due to poaching in the past, in recent time there has again been an increase in the Rhino numbers. The other main animal species in the park include Asiatic elephant, hog deer, wild boar. Small mammals like civets, leopards, hare and porcupines are also in substantial number. The river is also home to the rare Ganges Dolphin. It is also known as the mini Kaziranga National Park.  

Orang will almost pleasantly surprise you with its rich variety of animals, birds and fishes and a similar abundance in flora. The national park is surrounded by the Brahmaputra River on the north. Many (believed to be) man-made water bodies can be found inside the park which are thought of as remains of the old tribe that left ages ago. Nevertheless, the park now boasts of a beautiful landscape that attracts tourists from all over.

Climate of Park : 

Orang National Park experiences subject to subtropical monsoon climate with rainfall precipitation occurring mostly during the months of May to September. During winter months of October to March Temperature in varies from 5-25º Celsius. And in summer months of May and June, the variation is 20–28 °C.

Wildlife & Vegetation : 

In Assam, the wildlife you get to witness is nothing short of mesmerizing. The giant elephants to the one horned rhinos and plenty of avian species found in the state, keep animal and nature lovers hooked. Orang National Park is famous for the astounding collection of water birds, creating a stunning scenario where you can see them swiftly floating across the stagnant water with yet a bunch of ripples befriending them. There are more than 200+ bird species including local and migratory. There are 6 national parks in Assam, but Orang has its own role in wildlife conservation. Among reptiles, seven species of turtle and tortoise are found, out of which turtle varieties such as Lissemys, punctata, Kachuga tecta are common.

Fauna : 

Indian_Rhinoceros The park has a very dense population of tiger, The population of the Great Indian One Horned Rhino was estimated 97 in 1993, second highest. However, due to unbated poaching during 1994-1998 the number of rhino has gone down to less than 50 in 2000. The park also has estimated 45-60 Bengal Florican. which is the dominant species of the national park. The pygmy hog, a small wild pig, is critically endangered, C2a(ii) ver 3.1 as per IUCN listing, and is limited to about 75 animals in captivity, confined to a very few locations in and around north-western Assam, including the Orang National Park where it has been introduced. he great Indian one-horned rhinoceros even though well conserved now in many national parks and in captivity, is still in the endangered list of IUCN and its population is estimated at 68, as per census carried out by the forest department, in 2006. 222 species of Birds have so far been recorded, some of which are Spot Billed Pelican, White Pelican, Greater Adjutant Stork, Lesser Adjutant Stork, Brahminy Duck, Pintail Duck, Bengal Florican etc. More than 50 species of fish have been recorded in the river and channels flowing through the park.  Among reptiles, turtles like Lissemys punctata, Kachuga tecta, and among snakes pythons and cobras are known to frequent these in this area.

Flora : 

Forest_Kambalakonda_Wildlife_Sanctuary_Visakhapatnam The Orang National park is the home to a wide variety of flora like rich vegetation of forests, natural forest, non-aquatic grass/plants. The floral wealth of the park is very significant. The forest species found are Bombax ceiba, Dalbergia sissoo, Sterculia villosa, Trewia nudiflora,Zizyphus jujuba and Litsaea polyantha. Among the non aquatic grassland species the prominent are Phragmites karka, Arundo donax, Imperata cylindrical, Saccarum spp. etc. The aquatic grassplants species are Andropogon spp., Ipomea reptans, Enhydra flushians, Nymphia spp., Wichornia spp. etc.

Best Time To Visit Park :

October to April is the best season to visit the park. The park is subject to subtropical monsoon climate with rainfall precipitation. Visiting is restricted to 7:30-9:30 am and 2:00-3:00 pm, the park gate remains closed in between.

How To Reach :

By Air : The nearest Airport Salonibari (Tezpur) is 80 kms. and the LGBI Guwahati Airport is 150 kms. which are well connected to Orang national park by Road.

By rail : The nearest railhead is Saloni (41km) & Rangapara. Both Tezpur and Guwahati are well connected to all major city of India.

By Road : Orang national park is well connected to all major city of Assam. There are a number of government and privately operated vehicles

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Bongaigaon

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Bongaigaon district was created on 29th September, 1989 with its district headquarters at Bongaigaon, the largest city in Lower Assam.

Bongaigaon district occupies an area of 1,724 sq. kms. surrounded by Barpeta in the east, the Brahmaputra in the south and Kokrajhar in the north and west corner. It was the last capital of the Kamatapur Kingdom and home to many historical monuments of Assamese culture.

Attractions & Places to Visit and Explore in Bongaigaon

Koyakujia Beel

Koyakujia Beel is a popular tourist attraction situated near Abhayapuri about 15 kilometers from Bongaigaon. The vast waterland consisting of small islands flourish with myriad flora & fauna. Many migratory birds migrate to this place during winter.

Jogighopa and Pancharatna

These are two historic sites situated on either bank of Brahmaputra river, in Assam. Pancharatna lies on the southern bank and is about 160 kilometers west of Guwahati by road. Jogighopa lies on the northern bank and is about 212 km from Guwahati. Pancharatna boasts of some ruins of a post Gupta temple and some also rock cut ruins including a monolithic Buddhist stupa.

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Rock Cut Caves

The best specimens of the architecture of the Salasthambha period are the remains of the five rock-cut caves at Jogighopa on the bank of the Brahmaputra in the district of Bongaigaon. These are the unique examples of rock-cut architecture in Assam. Though these rock-cut caves are not of such architectural interest as those in Western India, but these remains at Jogighopa are the clear evidence of the fact that Assam was not outside the movement of this particular type of art developed in India as it will be seen from description of the best preserved cave noticed at Jogighopa.

Cave measures 2.60 m breadth, 1.8 mm in depth and 1.90 m in height. A platform of brick and mud masonry is found inside which is obviously a later addition. A chase running across the entire breath of the cave on the top serves to drain away rain water from the facade. Flights of steps have been cut into the rock on either side and ledge on the top diverts the rain water from the facade. The cave bears no sculptural designs. The other caves at the site have no flights and verandah and smaller in size than the best preserved one.

Bagheswari Temple

This is a famous religious temple in Western Assam. It is located in the heart of the city in a place named Borpara.

Sri Surjya Pahar

This is a significant but relatively unknown archaeological site in Assam. The site is a hilly terrain where several rock-cut Shivalingas, votive stupas and the deities of Hindu, Buddhist and Jain pantheon are scattered in an area of about one km. The site is centered on the hills of Sri Surya which is profusely filled up with Shiva Lingas (Lingam). The popular belief is that 99999 Shiva Lingas were engraved here by Vyasa in order to build up a second Kashi (where there were 1,00000 Shiva Lingas). It was once one of the holiest pilgrimage sites in the region. The exact figure of the Lingas (and also other deities and relics) on the hill is yet to be counted scientifically.

Lalmati-duramari Ganesh Temple

The Lalmati-Duramari Ganesh Temple near Abhayapuri town is one of the oldest temples of the state. The history of the carvings are yet to be ascertained but after a study of the stone carving and modes related to the carved idols, archeologists opine that the temple and carvings belong to 8th to 10th centuries AD

There are three views advanced as the reason for destrcution of the temple. The first view has it that earthquakes during the 8th and 10th centuries destroyed the temple and its images, while according to the second view, Kalapahar who revolted against worshipers and priests, destroyed the temple along with other temples in the northeast. The third view has it that Burmese(Maan) invaders who camped at Malegarh(Manegarh) hills destroyed the temple along with the idols. But it seems that earthquake has been the prime cause of the destruction of the temple.

Kachugaon Game Reserve

It is located in Kachugaon. This is a protected area under the forest department of Assam and covers an area of around 214sq km. This reserve has rare and endangered species such a gaur, golden langoor, spotted deer and elephant.

Manas National Park

Bongaigaon city is the entry point to the Manas National Park. Located in the Himalayan foothills, it is contiguous with the Royal Manas National Park in Bhutan. The park is known for its rare and endangered endemic wildlife such as the Assam Roofed Turtle, Hispid Hare, Golden Langur and Pygmy Hog. Manas is also famous for its population of the Wild water buffalo.

Udalguri

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The name of the district is derived from its headquarters, Udalguri. The name of “Udalguri”, according to legend, owes its origin to the fact that there were large numbers of “Odal” trees in this region.

Udalguri district, with an area of 1852.16 km was formed on June 14, 2004 as one of the four districts under the Bodoland Territorial Council. This district was carved out by bifurcating Darrang district. Udalguri town is the largest town in the district, with an area of 4.69 sq.km.

This district is home to Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park, the oldest game reserve in Assam, Bornadi Wildlife Sanctuary and Bhairabkunda.

Rajiv Gandhi National Park, Orang

Orang, with an area of 78.80 sq. km., was declared a National Park (Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park) on 8th of April,1999. Before being declared as a National Park, Orang was a sanctuary (declared in 1985).

It is the oldest game reserve in Assam with its origin dating back to 13th of May 1915. Situated on the northern bank of the river Brahmaputra, it is also known as mini Kaziranga National Park due to the similarity in landscape and the presence of the Great Indian One Horned Rhinoceros. It is an important breeding ground for a wide variety of fish. The park is home to more than 50 species of fish.

Great Indian One Horned Rhinoceros is the dominant species in Orang National Park. Other species include Asian Elephant, Tiger Gangetic Dolphin, Chinese Pangolin, Spotted Deer, Porcupine, Indian Fox, Civet Cat, Jungle Cat, Otter, Rhesus Macaque, Mongoose etc.

Among reptiles, seven species of turtle & tortoise are found here. Common species of reptiles found here are Indian Rock Python, Black Krait, King Cobra, Cobra, Monitor Lizard etc.

222 species of Birds have so far been recorded, some of which are Spot Billed Pelican, White Pelican, Greater Adjutant Stork, Lesser Adjutant Stork, Brahminy Duck, Pintail Duck, Bengal Florican(second highest concentration) etc.

How to reach : The nearest Airport Salonibari (Tezpur) is 80 kms away. The National Park is located at a distance of 150 kms from Guwahati and 70 kms from Mangaldoi.

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Bornadi Wildlife Sanctuary

Bornadi Wildlife sanctuary covers an area of 26.22 sq. kms. and is situated in the foothills of the Himalayas with Bhutan bordering it in the north. This sanctuary is named after the river Bornadi which flows through its western border.

The sanctuary was established in 1980 for the protection and conservation of Hispid Hare (caprolagus hispid) and Pigmy Hog (sus salvinous).

Mammals found here are Elephant, Gaur, Tiger, Leopard, Small Indian Civet, Jungle Cat, Chinese Pangolin, Porcupine, Himalayan Black Bear, Barking Deer, Pigmy Hog, Wild Pig and Hispid Hare.

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Birds such as Peafowl, Hornbill, Swamp partridge, Bengal florican etc. are also found here.

How to reach : The nearest Airport LGBI, Guwahati is about 130 kms. away. The Sanctuary is located 70 kms. from Mangaldoi, about 120 kms. from Tezpur and 140 kms. from Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park.

Where to stay : Visitors may stay in Hotels at Guwahati and Circuit Houses at Mangaldoi and Udalguri

Bhairabkunda

Located in the tri junction of Bhutan, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh, Bhairabkunda is a place of unique natural beauty. It is located at a distance of 22 km from the district headquarters of Udalguri town.

The Shive temple here is an important place of pilgrimage for the Hindus. Hundreds of pilgrims visit the place on ‘Makar Sankranti’ to bathe in the meeting point of three rivers Jia Dhansiri, Bhairavi and Daifam and offer prayers.

Majuli Largest River Island

The biggest river island in the world, Majuli is located on the river Brahmaputra in Assam. The island had a total area of 1,250 square kilometres (483 sq mi) at the beginning of the 20th century, but due to soil erosion, it has now reduced to 875 sq km. Majuli is a lush green environment-friendly, pristine and pollution free fresh water island in the river Brahmaputra, just 20 km from the Jorhat city. Among one of the most surreal places in India, Majuli is also a strong contender for a place in UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites.

Majuli_Island

Mostly inhabited by Tribals, the culture of Majuli is unique and quite interesting and is one of the key reasons why people love this place so much. It is also called the cultural capital of Assam since the 16th century. A good learning center for neo-Vaishnavite philosophy, there are 22 Vaishnava Satras in the city, the first of which was established in the 15th century by Sankaradeva, the father of Assamese culture. These attract a lot of tourists.

The festivals celebrated here are all joyous and vibrant. The main festival in the town of Majuli is called Raas and witnessing it is an interesting spectacle. It is celebrated for five days starting from second Wednesday of February till the next week. Local dishes like purang apin (rice wrapped in special leaves), apong (rice beer) and dishes made of pork, fish and chickens are served. Traditional Mising dance Gumrag Soman is performed in every village worshiping the almighty Donyi polo (mother sun and father moon) asking for good year of harvest. Other festivals like Christmas is celebrated by the majority Christians of Mising tribe in upper Majuli where Jengraimukh village is the epicentre of Christians.

sunrise-phu-quoc-island-ocean download Way_To_Majuli

Sunsets at Majuli are pink and ethereal – they make one forget that civilisation can even exist in ways less beautiful. Majuli homes are made from bamboo and placed on concrete pillars at a height of about two feet from the ground in order to prevent water from seeping in during the monsoon floods. Majuli is carpeted in verdant mats of rice fields interspersed with tiny ponds bursting with hyacinth blossoms. Quiet roads, shaded by bamboo trees, wind their way through the flat terrain. Locals can be seen cycling on these narrow paths, groceries hanging from their handlebars, while fishermen can be seen lugging nets, bulging with fish, from the ponds.

Several species of endemic and migratory birds call Majuli their home. Large flocks of birds can be seen swooping down to catch their riverine dinner, fluttering amidst grazing cattle and frolicking in the water. Several birdwatching tours to beels (lakes in Assamese) are conducted by friendly locals for nature enthusiasts and bird watchers.

Places to see in Majuli are as below :

Filial_Piety_Rituals Gayan_Bayan_in_Majuli Kamalabari_Satra

Dakhinpat Satra :

Dakhinpat Satra is one of the major attractions of Majuli, which was the chief satra patronised by the Ahom King.  Established in 1584, the Dakhinpat Xatra is a well-known centre on the Majuli island. This was the chief satra patronized by the Ahom Ruler, the Dakhinpat Satra is renowned for the famous Raasleela that is enacted here with great pomp and glory. During this festival, Raasleela is performed on full moon night. Apart from Rasotsava, Dakhinpat Satra or Fakua Puja is another chief festival celebrated with great fervour.

Garamur Satra :

This “Satra” was founded by Lakshmikantadeva. During the end of autumn. Gamur is among the many holy seats. This Vaishnavite spot preserves ancient artifacts and articles, the most prominent among these being Bortop. Raasleela is performed with great zeal and enthusiasm during autumn. Garmur can easily be reached from Jorhat Nimatighat, Dhokuakhana and Luit-Khabolughat.

Samaguri Satra : 

Shamaguri is a centre of art, cultural and classical studies. The satra is famous for the mask making in India. It is one of the most important pilgrimage centers of Majuli. Travellers can reach Shamaguri Satra from Jorhat and Luit-Khabolughat of Lakhimpur.

Auniati Satra :

Auniati sastra founded by Niranjan Pathakdeva, the satra is famous for the “Paalnaam” and Apsara Dances and also its extensive assortment of ancient Assamese artefacts, utensils, jewellery and handicrafts. It also has a hundred and twenty five disciples and over seven hundred thousand followers worldwide. This site is well connected with Dhokuakhana from Dhemaji and Luit-Khabolughat from North Lakhimpur and can be reached easily.

Kamalabari Satra :

The Kamalabari Satra, founded by Bedulapadma Ata, this religious site too houses significant articles related to art, culture, literature and classical studies. One of its branches, the Uttar Kamalabari Satra plays a major role in the spread of Satriya art both in India and abroad.

Bengenaati Satra :

Muraridev was the founder of this Satra. It is a reliquary of antiques of cultural importance and an advance centre of performing art. The highlight of the centre is the royal robe which belongs to the Ahom King, Swargadeo Gadadhar Singha. Along with gold robes, an umbrella of gold is also preserved at the site.

The islanders use small wooden boats  for fishing or to reach the mainland. They also use makeshift rafts (cleverly made by joining wooden planks together to fish as well as ferry people, bicycles, cargo and more from Majuli on one side of the river to Lakhimpura village on the other.

Best time to visit :

Majuli is to coincide with the rasleela, at the time of the full moon in the month of Kartik (November); but Majuli can be visited all year around. During the rainy season much of the island is flooded, but ironically, it makes getting around (by boat) easier. 

How to reach :

The township of Jorhat, situated in Upper Assam, presents the nearest air link from Majuli. It is well connected with all the major cities of Assam as well as India. Jorhat is well connected by air, with daily flights from Guwahati, and four flights a week from Calcutta. From Guwahati, Jorhat is a seven-hour bus ride. Buses leave early mornings and at nights.

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Kaziranga National Park

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Kaziranga National Park is one of the prides of India. Kaziranga National Park is the name to exemplify the most popular conservation efforts to save the endangered species like one-horned rhinoceros in India. The park’s population of 1800-odd rhinos represents more than two-thirds of the world’s total.  Kaziranga National Park is spread over 858 sq.kms and is located in the floodplains on both sides of the Brahmaputra river. Patches of mixed deciduous forests are interspersed with vast stretches of savannah grasslands, wetlands and chars of river islands formed by the shifting course of the Brahmaputra.  Kaziranga National Park is Located in the Golaghat and Nagaon districts of the state of Assam, India.

In the heart of Assam, this park is one of the last areas in eastern India undisturbed by a human presence. It is inhabited by the world’s largest population of one-horned rhinoceroses, as well as many mammals, including tigers, elephants, panthers and bears, and thousands of birds.  The Endangered Ganges dolphin is also found in some of the closed oxbow lakes.Forests is marked by the 41% of the tall grasses, 29% open jungle, 11% short grasses and rest is covered with the rivers and the water bodies.

Indian one-horned rhinoceros and also declared as a tiger reserve in 2006, holding the highest density of tigers in the world.

The park is divided into five ranges:

1. Central 2. Western 3. Eastern 4. Western-most Burha Pahar 5. Northern

The first four lie on the southern side of the river while the last is on the northern bank

Kaziranga is a vast expanse of tall elephant grassmarshland, and dense tropical moist broadleaf forests, criss-crossed by four major rivers, including the Brahmaputra, and the park includes numerous small bodies of water. Kaziranga has been the theme of several books, songs, and documentaries.

The terrain in the park comprises mainly of sandbanks, riverine lakes, Semi-evergreen forests, moist broad-leaf forests and grasslands. The park is spread in a massive area which makes it one of the largest protected forests in the Sub-Himalayan belt.

Climate & Rainfall :

The climate of Kaziranga Park is tropical,   The park experiences three seasons: summer.  monsoon, and winter. The winter season, between November and February, is mild and dry, with temperatures reaching a low 5 °C. During this season, beels and nallahs Dry up.  The summer season between March and May is hot, with a maximum temperature approx 37°C . During this season, animals usually are found near water bodies. The rainy monsoon season lasts from June to September, and  the average annual rainfall is 2,220 mm. During the peak months of July and August, three-fourths of the western region of the park is submerged, due to the rising water level of the Brahmaputra.

A Day in Kaziranga National Park Kaziranga National Park is one of the major wildlife tourist’s attractions in India. Thousands of travelers from different part of the country and world come here every year to unlock the doors of diverse wildlife and scout the exquisiteness of the natural empire. The perfect topography with a river and its varied grasslands winds through its entire length, Kaziranga promises an adventure that you will never forget. The tourism of Kaziranga is not just about spotting one of the many one-horned rhinoceros or tigers but also to watch the three giant herbivores that reside in the park called – The Asiatic Elephant, The Swamp Deer and the Asiatic Water Buffaloes. The park has also been demarcated as an important bird area by the Birdlife International in order to promote the conservation of endangered species.

Fauna & Flora :

Kaziranga National Park has chiefly three major types of flora as alluvial inundated grasslands, tropical wet evergreen forests and tropical semi-evergreen forests. But, the main characteristics of flora in Kaziranga are the dense and tall elephant grass intermixed by small swamplands left behind by the receding floodwaters of the river Brahmaputra. n addition to grasses and forests, the swamps of Kaziranga National Park have an abundant cover of water lilies, water hyacinth and lotus, providing a beautiful look to the surroundings of the park. Rattan Cane, which is a type of climbing palm, also adds to the natural beauty of Kaziranga National Park. 

-79159_7882 Kaziranga contains significant breeding populations of 35 mammalian species, of which 15 are threatened as per the IUCN Red List. The park has the distinction of being home to the world’s largest population of the Greater One-Horned Rhinoceroswild Asiatic water buffalo, and eastern swamp deer.  Kaziranga has been identified by Birdlife International as an Important Bird Area.  It is home to a variety of migratory birds, water birds, predators, scavengers, and game birds. Birds such as thelesser white-fronted gooseferruginous duckBaer’s pochard duck and lesser adjutantgreater adjutantblack-necked stork, and Asian openbill stork migrate from Central Asia to the park during winter. Two of the largest snakes in the world, the reticulated python and rock python, as well as the longest venomous snake in the world, the king cobra, inhabit the park. Other snakes found here include the Indian cobramonocled cobraRussell’s viper, and the common krait. Monitor lizard species found in the park include the Bengal monitor and the Asian water monitor

Best Time to Visit :

The best season to visit Kaziranga National Park is between November and April. From 1st of Nov to 30th of April, the park remains open daily for continuous six months being the monsoons as the exceptional season to close the area for safety reasons by the national park management. You can see the migratory birds closely in a fine temperature.

Nearby Places :

Rowraiah (Jorhat) is Nearest Airport which is 97 Km away from Kaziranga, LGBI Airport which is 239 Km away from Kaziranga. The nearest railhead is at the distance of 75 kms from the Kaziranga National Park in Furkating. Government transports are available frequently from nearest cities and towns such as Jorhat (89 Kms.), Nagaon (96 Kms.), Guwahati (219 Kms.), Golaghat (73 Kms.) and Bokakhat (21 Kms.).

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