Dimapur is the largest city in Nagaland, India. The boundary on the eastern part of Dimapur is formed by Dhansiri River, while the western part of the district consists mostly of forests and hills. It was leased out for its strategic location—it is the only plains tract of hilly Nagaland and had a railway station and airport space for connectivity and economic activity in the new state. The District draws its name from the Kachari dialect; ‘di’ – meaning river, ‘ma’ – meaning great or big, and ‘pur’ – meaning city, together connoting ‘the city near the great river’. In the Middle Ages, it was the capital of the Dimasa Kachari rulers. In the heart of the town there is an old relic of the Dimasa Kachari Kingdom which speaks about the once prosperous era. The town offers ample of opportunities to nature and history lovers. For nature aficianados Dimapur opens a wide door and takes them on an unforgettable journey. The remains here mostly include temples, embankments and baths that give a glimpse of the culture prevalent here during that period, which was Hinduism. People here during the 13th century were mostly non-Aryans, who belonged to the ancient tribe that ruled here. It is also known as the ‘gateway of Nagaland’.
Dimapur is a colourful land that reflects authentic Nagaland. It is infact the only place in the state with an airport. Once a flourishing capital of a kingdom, today though not the state capital, its infrastructure and facilities are nothing less than that found in capital cities. Having a rich historical background and being an important city of North east, Dimapur has several places of interest. Archeologists have found so many temples, and monuments which provide a glimpse of the past of this city. Other attractions present here include the Rangapahar Reserve Forest that covers a total area of 20.20 hectares and houses some of the most endangered species of birds as well as animals.
Tourist Attraction :
Kachari Ruins :
The Kachari Ruins are a group of ancient monoliths and contain remnants of the Kachari kingdom’s structure. This is believed that the scattered stones and bricks are the remains of temples and embankments. Archeologists have proven that Dimapur was an ancient capital of the Kachari kingdom. It is one of the important sites of the megalithic age. The Kachari Ruins are visited for various temples, reservoirs and tanks that belonged to the Dimasa Kachari Kingdom. Belonging to the ancient Kachari Capital, these ruins reflect the megalithic culture. Among the most famous Kachari Ruins stands the monolith. Apart from the monolith. This historic edifice houses the excavated tanks of the royalty and is an apt place for photo fanatics and history lovers. The territory was constructed near the sacred Mahu River and the Naga hills.
Chumukedima is an ancient village located in the district headquarters of Dimapur. Located 14 kilometres from Dimapur city, Chumukedima village lies on the foothills of the Naga Hills. The village gives a panoramic view of the exotic city of Dimapur. This namesake village is a rapid growing urban hub of Nagaland. The village is famous for waterfalls. t is believed that in the 19th century, during the British rule, the village served as the headquarters of the Naga Hills District. It experiences average temperatures and climate with a few storms during the monsoon period. The tourism department of Nagaland, with the idea of promoting the area has created a tourist village on top of the hill from where the entire city of Dimapur and some parts of Karbi-Anglong district can be clearly seen. It is located 8 kms away from the National Highway. Local language of the village is English, which comes as a huge relief for foreign tourists.
Triple Falls :
Triple Falls has been established by the Tourism Department of Nagaland. These three glistening water streams trickling down from a height of 280 ft to a natural pool looks stunning. This beautiful three-tier waterfall is believed to merge into a natural pool. The area is maintained by the tourist department of Nagaland. Apart from throbbing hearts of the tourists with its miraculous panorama, the triple falls also serves as an exquisite spot for trekkers.
Zoological park :
The Zoological Park is located 6 kms away from the township of Dimapur with a total area of 176 ha,The park was established on 28th August 2008 with main motive to establish this park was to spread awareness about the protection of the flora and fauna. Without getting a sense of the flora and fauna of a place, a visit to a new place can be quite incomplete. There are almost 500 species of birds alone in the region. The park is mostly covered with Evergreen forests with traces of temperate forests in bits and pieces. This affluent biodiversity is the pride of Nagaland and Dimapur alike. The park serves as the Conservation Centre for the entire region of Northern India. The Zoological Park also serves as a Conservation Centre of the state as well as the entire north eastern region.
October to June are the best months to visit Dimapur. Being a hilly place, the weather of Dimapur remains moderate throughout the year. However, if you want to experience the wetness of the place, you can visit during the monsoons.
How To Reach :
By Air : There are regular flights from other major cities of the country to Dimapur.
By Rail : Dimapur railway station is a major railhead of this place and so many trains from all major cities of India come to this city.
By Road : Regular state transport buses ply on these National Highways and tourists can reach Kohima, the state capital on road.
ImageCopyright by Commons.wikimedia.org
A scenic town blessed with breath taking natural beauty, history and culture, there are many places of tourist. Kohima, is the capital city of Nagaland, which shares its borders with Burma and this is one of the seven sisterly states of North-eastern part of India. With a resident population of 267,988 it is the second largest city in the state. Despite being a commercial hub, Kohima hasn’t lost its natural charms and remains one of the most charismatic destinations to see in the state. It is situated in the foothills of Japfu range located south of Kohima District and has an average elevation of 1261 metres (4137 feet).
Kohima was originally known as Kewhira, The name, Kohima, was officially given by the British as they could not pronounce the Angami name of Kewhira . It is called after the wild flowering plant Kewhi, found in the mountains. Most local people still uses the word ‘Kewhira’. Earlier, Kohima was also known as Thigoma. For most parts of its history, this place remained isolated from the rest of the world like most other places inhabited by the Nagas. It was in 1840 that the British came to this place only to meet stiff resistance from the different Naga tribes. After nearly four decades of skirmishes, the British administrators were able to take control of this territory and set up Kohima as the Administrative Headquarters for the Naga Hills District which was then a part of Assam. On 1st December 1963, Kohima was christened as the state capital with Nagaland becoming the 16th state in the union of India.
Kohima witnessed some of the fiercest battles during World War II such as the Battle of Kohima and the Battle of the Tennis Court between the advancing Japanese army and the Allied Forces. It is here that the Burma Campaign turned on its heels for the Japanese Empire and changed the entire course of war in South East Asia. It was here that the Allied Forces were able to stop the advancement of the Japanese. Kohima War Cemeterymaintained by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission is one of the major tourists’ attractions with hundreds of soldiers having been laid to rest here.
Kohima is an exquisite hill station located at an elevation of 1261 m above mean sea level. Kohima is a city surrounded by lush green nature with a variety of flora and fauna that are a delight to any visitor. The panoramic view of the surrounding lush green mountains is amazing and one wonders why god has been partial and showered all the natural beauty on Kohima. Some destinations in Kohima that are a must visit are as below:
Kohima Museum :
Kohima Museum houses some rare artifacts of the sixteen Naga tribes. Some of the artifacts displayed here include traditional colorful dresses, clan motifs, dialect, practices, equipments and objects depicting traditions. The displays takes you through a journey that helps discover the Naga tribes’ tradition and cultures. This is a platform that exhibits the vibrant culture of Nagaland through a collection of fascinating arts and artifacts.
Kohima Zoo :
Kohima Zoo is another important location to visit in Kohima. The Kohima Zoo is home to the state bird (Tragopan) and the state animal (wild buffalo, also known as Mithun). The zoo is located on a hill and the sloping portion of the hill is used to create a free and natural place to house the zoo animals.
War Cemetery :
If you are interested in history, a visit to the Kohima War Cemetery will be a worthwhile experience for you. Landmark dedicated to as many as 10,000 brave soldiers of the 2nd British Division of Allied Forces who gave up their lives in World War II at Kohima during the year 1944. The Cemetery is maintained by the War Graves Commission of the British Government. Even today relatives and friends from far across UK and elsewhere visit this cemetery to pay their respects.
Flaunting itself as the second highest peak of Nagaland, Standing at a height of 3048 meters above sea level. The peak is not only an attraction for trekkers, but also for photographers and nature lovers who want to witness and capture the panoramic vistas of nature. Situated at 15 km south of Kohima, The viewfrom the top of this peak is absolutely gorgeous. Japfu is one of the best places to visit in Kohima. October to May is the best time to plan a holiday trip to the Japfu Peak, Kohima
Fastivals of Kohima :
Festivals in Kohima are celebrated with much grandeur. Hornbill Festival Held in the month of December, Hornbill Festival is a cultural festival of dance, sport, art, food and performances etc. It is an extremely nice festival and all tribes of Nagaland celebrate this festival with each other along with the tourists with immense zeal. The week-long Hornbill Festival is held at Kisama Heritage Village. Festival highlights include Naga Morong, exhibition and sale of arts and crafts, food stalls, herbal medicine stalls, flower shows and sales,food and beverage stalls-showcasing the tribes beverages in dragons sized wooden casks. cultural medley – songs and dances, fashion shows, beauty contest, archery, Naga wrestling, indigenous games and musical concerts. Additional attractions include Konyak fire eating demonstration, pork fat eating competitions, literature fest, Hornbill Global Film Fest, Hornbill Ball, Choral Panorama, North East India Drum Ensemble, Naga King Chilly eating competition, Hornbill National Rock Contest.
Best Time To Visit :
One can visit Kohima throughout the year, though best is between November to March. Kohima receives considerable rainfall during summers (March to June). The place has a pleasant and temperate climate. Winters (November to February), however, are chilly and temperature can plunge to subzero levels during nights. Snowfall is common during winters
How To Reach :
Kohima is well connected with road, rail and air. The nearest airport is Dimapur Airport at Dimapur about 74 kilometres away. By Train again Dimpur is nearest Rail Station. Kohima is connected by road with National Highways 2 and 29 passing through the city.
Image copyright by transindiatravels.com, militaryhonors.sid-hill.us.com, tripoto.com, turistinindia.com, holidayiq.com