One of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India, Konark Sun temple is a 13th century temple, which is dedicated to the Sun God. One of the best tourist attractions of Orissa. Sun Temple at Konark in Orissa, India. It is believed that the temple was built by king Narasimhadeva I of Eastern Ganga Dynasty in 1255 CE. The word ‘Konark’ is a combination of two words ‘Kona’ and ‘Arka’. ‘Kona’ means ‘Corner’ and ‘Arka’ means ‘Sun’, so when combines it becomes ‘Sun of the Corner’. Konark Sun Temple is situated on the north eastern corner of Puri. Konark is also known as Arkakshetra. Konark is One of the most stunning monuments of religious significance, a true masterpiece of architecture proudly stands in the form of Sun Temple. A culmination of Oriya architecture, the temple is a wonderful place as the language of stone defeats the human language here.
This sun temple is great example of orissian architecture.It is world heritage site in the world and also it is one of the seven wonders of india.Samba constructed this sun temple in honour of lord sun.Samba is son of lord krishna. The temple has been built in the form of a giant ornamented chariot of the Sun god, Surya. It has twelve pairs of elaborately carved stone wheels which are 3 meters wide and is pulled by a set of seven horses (4 on the right and 3 on the left). The temple follows the traditional style of Kalinga architecture. It is carefully oriented towards the east so that the first rays of sunrise strikes the principal entrance. The temple is built from Khondalite rocks.
Around the base of the temple there are images of animals, foliage, warriors on horses and other interesting structures. On the walls and roof of the temple beautiful erotic figures are carved. Sun temple of Konark is a masterpiece of Orissa’s medieval architecture. The Konark temple is widely known not only for its architectural greatness but also for the sophistication and abundance of sculptural work. Konark is an exceptional mixture of marvelous temple architecture, heritage, exotic beach and salient natural beauty. The large structure of Konark Temple seen today is actually the entrance of the main temple. The main temple which enshrined the presiding deity has fallen off and only the remains can be seen. Even in its ruined state it is a magnificent temple reflecting the mastermind of the architects that imagined and constructed it. The Konark temple is also known for its erotic sculptures of maithunas.
The magnificence of the Konark temple is visible through its grand and intricate sculpture work. The whole temple is conceptualized in the form of a chariot of Sun God. This mammoth chariot has 24 wheels where each has a diameter of 10 feet, with extravagant carvings, and a set of bars. The temple is dragged by 7 horses. A flight of stairs take you to the main entrance, which is guarded by 2 lions crushing the elephants. The temple is made from Khondalite rocks, and is built in traditional style of Kalinga architecture.
Two smaller ruined temples have been discovered nearby. One of them is called the Mayadevi Temple and is located southwest from the entrance of the main temple. The other one belongs to some unknown Vaishnava deity. Sculptures of Balarama,Varaha and Trivikrama have been found at the site, indicating it to be a Vaishnavite temple. Surya has been a popular deity in India since Vedic period. Therefore, it is described in Rig Veda regarding Prayer of Sun God as follows. It was dedicated to the Sun-God (Arka) popularly called Biranchi-Narayan, and the tract in which it is situated was known as Arka-Kshetra as well as padma-kshetra. Among the five great religious zones or Kshetra which were located in Odisha (Orissa), Konark was considered to be one, the other four being Puri, Bhubaneswar, Mahavinayak, and Jajpur.
There are several smaller shrines situated in the neighborhood of the Sun Temple. In them are found Rameswar,Chitreswara,Tribeniswara, and Utpaleswar, all Siva-lingas; and Ramachandi Rudrani, Khileswari, Charchika and Chitreswari, various forms of Goddess Durga. Legends embodied in the Kapila Samhita, the Madala Panji, and the Prachi-mahatmya, take the sanctity of Konark back to mythical times. The legends of these late texts are an obvious adaptation of a much earlier tradition as recorded in the Bhavisya Purana and the Samba Purana.
How To Rach :
By Air : Nearest Airport is Bhubaneswar, Which is well connected to all mejor cities.
By Rail : Nearest railway station is puri, which is 30 km away from konark.
By Road : There are private owned deluxe Volvo buses with their comfy interiors. Volvo buses can be boarded from Puri as well as from Bhubaneswar. In addition to this, there are public buses that do not burn your pocket by costing Rs 1.50 per Km.
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Puri Beach is a beach in the city of Puri in the state of Odisha, India. It is on the shore of the Bay of Bengal. Puri situated on the eastern sea-bed of India, is the only most popular sea-side resort where the beauty of the sky in radiant colours, the roaring waves and the golden beach can be experienced. The long sandy beach draws large numbers of western travellers and Indians. It is known for being a tourist attraction and a Hindu sacred place.
According to Hindu belief, there are five great holy spots (Pancha Tirthas) at Puri out of which sea is the greatest and holiest for tourists and travellers. The beach has continued to be a sacred venue for an endless number of pilgrims coming to pay homage to Lord Jagannath. This District derives its name from the heritage city of Puri, one of the four pilgrimage centres of India. Covering an area of 3051 sq/kms, the District may be divided into two dissimilar.
Fine white sands, roar of the breakers rolling in from the Bay of Bengal and countless devotees flocking the place for a purification dip are the synonyms to the Puri Beach. The Puri beach is one of the finest beach in the world and watching the sunrise and sunset in a symphony of colours is a wonderful experience. The Puri beach is also one of the most popular sea-side resort which is visited by the tourists from all parts of the world. The other attraction of the beach are the excellent surf and shallow waters. The water is shallow enough to walk at a very long distance.
In Mumbai, Goa, Cochin and Chennai as well as other sea beaches, taking bath in sea is a risk due to tides, under current and deepness. But in Puri to take sea bath is a pleasure and enjoyable experience. The beach is very wide and exposed and there’s not a scrap of shade to be found. A comparatively clean and quite place for sunbathing and a relaxed swim can be found at the eastern end. Local fishermen easily distinguishable by their triangular straw hats and dhotis serve as lifeguards on the beach, and take visitors out to sea in their boats to watch the sunsets.
Thousands of people from different part of India and world spend their morning and evening at Puri sea beach each and everyday. Sea shells are collected here in large quantity. These are the main wealth of Puri sea beach. The annual Beach Festival taking place in November.
How To Reach :
The nearest aiport is located at Bhubaneshwar, about 62 kms from Puri. Puri is connected with Bhubaneshwar and Konark by very good roads. You can easily get regular trains to Puri from other major cities of the country.