Dashashwamedh Ghat

Dashashwamedha_ghat_on_the_Ganga,_Varanasi

Dashashwamedh Ghat is the main ghat in Varanasi on the Ganga River. It is located close to Vishwanath Temple and is probably the most spectacular ghat. The literal meaning of the Dashashwamedh is the Ghat (river front) of the ten sacrificed horses. Brahma sacrificed 10 horses (aswa) here. Second mythologies surround the ghat, one being that Lord Brahma created it to welcome Lord Shiva when he came to Earth.

Visiting the ghat of Varanasi is the best thing to do in this city known for its religious significance to Hindus. Taking a dip in the Ganga at one of the ghat to wash away your sins is something you must do here to feel how thousands of pilgrims do all year round. Close to Ghat there are many Temples dedicated to Sulatankeshvara, Brahmeshvara, Varaheshvara, Abhaya Vinayaka, Ganga (the Ganges), and Bandi Devi which are part of important pilgrimage journeys. A large number of priests can be seen performing religious rituals on this Ghat. Close to Ghat there are many Temples dedicated to Sulatankeshvara, Brahmeshvara, Varaheshvara, Abhaya Vinayaka, Ganga (the Ganges), and Bandi Devi which are part of important pilgrimage journeys. A large number of priests can be seen performing religious rituals on this Ghat. 

Ganga aarti:

Ganga_Aarti_in_evening_at_Dashashwamedh_ghat,_Varanasi_03 It is great to see the real attraction of this ghat in the evening when Gange aarti is held here. This ghat has become the religious spot for the devotees and pilgrims for years and tourists as well.  It is great to see the real attraction of this ghat in the evening when Gange aarti is held here. Elaborate rituals are performed at this ghat every evening by a group of 8-10 priests standing atop a pedestal, who chant mantras and propitiate the river with thousands of diyas and torches, with bhajans playing loudly in the background. This ghat has become the religious spot for the devotees and pilgrims for years and tourists as well. The riverbank lights up with flaming lamps and the smell of sandalwood envelops the ghat. Special Aartis are held on Tuesdays and on religious festivals. A maha Gange aarti held at the ghat at Kartik Purnima which attracts an unbelievable crowd.

Nearby Attraction:

Kashi Vishwanath Temple:

Shri_Kashi_Vishwanath_Mandir,_BHU_03 The list of places to visit in Varanasi would be incomplete without including the famed Kashi Vishwanath Temple. Dedicated to Lord Shiva, this temple is one of the 12 Jyotirlingas and has also been referred to in the holy scriptures. The Kashi Vishwanath temple has been built and re-built several times over the past few centuries. The present temple was built in the 18th century by Rani Ahalyabai Holkar of Indore after Mughal emperor Aurangzeb destroyed the previous temple and built a mosque at the site. Five major aartis are held daily, but the temple is always abuzz with worshipers. Sadly, non-Hindus may not enter, but by taking a stroll through the Vishwanath Galli that runs the length of it, you can get a glimpse of the interior, which exudes pungent smells and constant noise. For a small donation, you can climb to one of the second floors or rooftops of the shops that line the lane and get a good view of the temple interiors.  It is located in the city of “Kas” or “Light” and is also known as the Golden temple due to the presence of 15.5m high golden spire. Every day, the temple is visited by about three thousand devotees, which go up to a lakh or more on special festive occasions. One of the most auspicious times to visit the temple is Shivaratri.

Ramnagar Fort:

Ramnagar_Fort,_Varanasi,_UP Located near Ganges river on its eastern bank, Ramnagar fort is a structure in Varanasi built in 1750 by Kashi Naresh Raja Balwant Singh. The fort is constructed in red sandstone and is made in a typical Mughal style of architecture with stunning carved out balconies and open patios. This old rampart is also home to a vintage museum that is famous for its rare collection of old American cars, ivory works, medieval costumes, and a huge astronomical clock. The architecture of this fort is a blend of Indian and Islamic style.The temple dedicated to Ved Vyasa is said to be the place, where the sage who wrote the Indian epic Mahabharata, spent some days of his life. Among other tourist attractions in Ramnagar are the Durga Temple, Chhinnamastika Temple, and Dakshin Mukhi Hanuman.During Dussehra, the fort and its surroundings are decorated magnificently and it’s certainly worth a visit.

Bharat Kala Bhavan:

Bharat_Kala_Bhavan_Museum,_Banaras_Hindu_University,_Varanasi Bharat Kala Bhavan is located inside the Banaras Hindu University campus. It was established on 1 January 1920 as an extension of Bharat Kala Parishad. It displays India’s heritage and preserves the past of the nation. It houses a wide collection of paintings, textiles and costumes, decorative art, Hindu and Buddhist sculptures and other materials of archaeological importance. There are some displays which date back to 1st to15th century. The total number of displays are 1,00000 plus. It also has an art gallery dedicated to the Russian artist, Nicholas Roerich. However, the main credit for creating the collection and establishment goes to Padmavibhushan Late Rai Krishnadasa, the renowned Hindi writer.

How To Reach:

By Air: Varanasi airport is well connected to all major city of India.  

By Rail: There two railway station Varanasi railway station and another one is Kashi railway station, Varanasi railway station is well connected to all  major city of India by regular train.

By Road: Varanasi is well connected by Road way from the near by city and near by states.

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Allahabad

On_the_banks_of_New_Yamuna_bridge,_Allahabad

Allahabad  also known as Prayag is a city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, It is also called the “Tirth Raj”, the king of all pilgrimage center.  And the administrative headquarters of Allahabad District, the most populous district in the state. It is a ‘tale of two cities’. The old city has a glorious past and the new city that is rubbing shoulders with modernity. The Kumbh held in every six years and Mahakumbh in every 12 years at Allahabad the largest religious fair in the world. It is located at the junction of the holy rivers the Ganga, the Yamuna and the Saraswati.

The city’s original name–Prayag, or “place of offerings”–comes from its position at the Sangam (confluence) of the GangaYamuna and mythical Sarasvati rivers. It is the second-oldest city in India, and plays a central role in Hindu scriptures. The place where river Ganga and river Yamuna meet is called Sangam (union). Sangam is the venue of many sacred fairs and rituals, and attracts thousands of pilgrims throughout the year. These rivers has played an important role in weaving the society and cultural fabric of the city which is which is visited by pilgrims from virtually every corner rom country during the month of Magh. It is the place of importance in the Hindu religion. It is a city which has the mixed culture of Hindus, Muslims, Jains and Christans.

History:

Allahabad_Montage_II_Dec_2014 The name Prayāga existed during the Vedic period, and is mentioned in the Veda as the location where Brahma (the Hindu creator of the universe) attended a ritual sacrifice. The city was once part of the Kuru dynasty, who made it their capital after the destruction of Hastinapur by floods. According to historian Badauni, the great Mughal Emperor Akbar also visited Prayag and founded the imperial city of Illahabad that later on came to be known as Allahabad. The construction of the Akbar Fort bears testimony to the importance of the city that was made the provincial capital during the Mughal period.According to historian Badauni, the great Mughal Emperor Akbar also visited Prayag and founded the imperial city of Illahabad that later on came to be known as Allahabad. The construction of the Akbar Fort bears testimony to the importance of the city that was made the provincial capital during the Mughal period.

Prayag is birth place of Som, Varuna and Prjapati. Prayag has been associated with mythological personalities in Brahmanical(Vedic) and Buddhist Literatures. It was the seat of the great sge Bhardwaj, sage Durvasa and Sage Pannas sage Bhardwaj lived here circa 5000BC and taught more than 10000 disciples. He was the greatest philospher of ancient world. Puranas pay a glowing tribute to the city of Prayag which is also illustrated in the beautiful verses of the great poet Kalidasa. The famous character of poet in the drama Raghuvansham, speaks of the great line which divided the clear blue stream of The Yamuna from the muddy stream of The Ganga. Allahabad is known as the “city of prime ministers” because seven out of 15 prime ministers of India since independence have connections to Allahabad (Jawaharlal NehruLal Bahadur ShastriIndira GandhiRajiv GandhiGulzarilal NandaVishwanath Pratap Singh and Chandra Shekhar). All seven leaders were either born there, were alumni of Allahabad University or were elected from an Allahabad constituency.

Climate & Culture :

Allahabad is blessed with a rich, artistic and cultural heritage. Every twelve years, the city hosts Kumbh Mela, which attracts tourists from all over the country. Other famous festivals that are keenly celebrated are Ardh Kumbh Mela and Magh Mela where devotees from different cities and states take a solemn dip in the holy rivers. Hindustani Classical Music and Kathak are popular classical music and dance forms. 

Allahabad has a humid subtropical climate common to cities in the plains of North India. The annual mean temperature is 26.1 °C (79.0 °F); monthly mean temperatures are 18–29 °C (64–84 °F). The month of March marks the start of summers in Allahabad and it lasts till June. Temperature ranges between 30°C to a mercurial 45°C during these months. July to September is when Allahabad experiences monsoon, which brings intermittent showers of rain. Winter runs from December to February, with temperatures rarely dropping to the freezing point. The daily average maximum temperature is about 22 °C (72 °F) and the minimum about 9 °C (48 °F). The best season to visit Allahabad is the winter season in the months of October to March. The temperature remains comfortable and is apt for sightseeing and other.

Tourist Attraction:

Triveni Sangam:

Triveni_Sangam Triveni Sangam, located at a distance of 7 km from the Civil Lines is one of the most famous tourist attractions of the city. Triveni Sangam also known as Sangam is the confluence of three rivers Ganges, Yamuna and the mythical Saraswati. One can clearly identify the pale yellow waters of the Ganga and the blue waters of the Yanuma. It is believed that some drops of nectar fell from a pitcher in the hands of the Gods, which makes up Triveni Sangam. Therefore, a bath in the waters here is said to cleanse people off all their sins. The holy Sangam is the site for Annual Magha Mela/Ardh Kumbh/Kumbh Mela. It is during the Kumbh/Ardh Kumbh that the Sangam truly comes alive, attracting millions of devotees from all over the country. 

Anand Bhavan:

Anand_Bhawan The ancestral home of the illustrious Nehru first Prime-Minister of India family, Anand Bhawan has now been converted into a museum and displays the memorabilia of India s First Family, where many decisions and events related to the freedom struggle have been known to take place. Indira Gandhi, first lady Prime Minister of India was born there. Jawahar Planetarium is also located inside the Anand Bhawan. The exhibits inside the house highlight the events, which describes the participation of prestigious family in independence of India. The most beautiful parts of the museum are the bedroom of Nehru and his study. Here one is offered a glimpse of the lifestyle of the family that retained for a long time and even today the status of the most important political dynasty in India. It is a two storied building which has rooms including the one where Father of Nation Mahatma Gandhi used to stay during his visits.

Allahabad Fort:

India_Bikaner_Junagarh_Fort Allahabad Fort stretched along the banks of River Yamuna narrates the heroic tale of Allahabad’s legendary past built by Emperor Akbar in 1583 AD. This huge, majestic fort has three magnificent galleries flanked by high towers. Presently, the army uses the Allahabad fort and only a limited area is open to visitors. The important monuments and buildings inside are the Zanana palace for the women, the Saraswati Koop which is considered as the source of the Saraswati River and a 3rd century BC Ashoka Pillar. In addition, the fort also has Ashoka Pillar which was built back in 232 B.C by Mauryan Empire. This gigantic pillar is a polished sandstone with an height of 10.6 metre. Visitors require a permit from the Ordnance Depot or the Tourist Office for visiting this Fort.

Khusro Bagh:

Tomb_of_Nithar_,_sister_of_Sultan_Khusro_01 Khusro Bagh was completed in 1622 AD and houses the tombs of Khusrau Mirza (eldest son of Emperor Jahangir), his mother Shah Begum, and his sister Sultan Nithar Begum. The three sandstone mausoleums within this walled garden, present an exquisite example of Mughal architecture. The most beautifully designed monument is of Prince Khusrau, hence the name. Enjoy the sight of Mughal architecture and go on a relaxing walk in the park. You can learn about the place from the boards put inside and from the localities of the city.  In addition, there is another tomb which was constructed for Khusro’s mother. She poisoned herself in despair as she was not able to handle Khusro’s opposition of his father Jahangir.

How To Reach:

By Air: Barmauli Airport (15 km) is connected to metro city of India. Delhi and Kolkata is nearest International airport.

By Rail: Allahabad have major rail head and its well connected to all major city of India.

By Road: Allahabad has a good connectivity of roads and highways from whole Country. 

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Dudhwa National Park

Dhudhwa_Rashtriya_Udyan

Dudhwa National Park residing the areas of Lakhimpur & Kheri district of Uttar Pradesh and covers an area of 490.3 km , with a buffer zone of 190 km. The Dudhwa National Park, better known as the Garden of Eden, is a home to more than 38 species of mammals, 90 species of fish, 400 species of birds and 16 species of reptiles and is Indian portion of terai arc landscape, stretching from Yamuna river in the west to Valmiki Tiger Reserve, Bihar in the east, spreads across five states along the Shivaliks and Gangetic plains.  Dudhwa National Park lying adjacent to the Indo-Nepal border bringing together two most incredible sanctuaries of the area namely, Kishanpur and Katerniaghat Wildlife Sanctuaries to represent the excellent natural forests and greenery along the Terai region. The Park is tiger reserve since the year 1879, the region of Dudhwa became a popular National Park during 1977 and acquired the project Tiger during 1988.

This region comes under the sub Himalayan area called as Terai belt. This Terai region is acknowledged as the most endangered ecosystems throughout the world.  It is well known sanctuary of the swamp deer and is home to tigers, leopards, varieties of deer, antelopes, elephants, jackal, hyena etc, amid thick green forest and grassland. It is also a bird watchers’ heaven. A large number of rhinos are also found here. In this scenario Dudhwa Tiger Reserve comprising of three Protected Areas i.e. Dudhwa National Park, Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary and Katerniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary, stands out as the primary Protected Area Complex of the terai with one of its components having the status of a National Park. 

Climate :

Dudhwa experiences extreme climates, and has a humid subtropical with dry winters type of climate. During the chilly winters from mid-October to mid-March, temperatures hover between 20 and 30 °C . In summer season, visiting the national park will make one work into a lather. The temperature raise upto 40 degrees centigrade in summers, Prevalent winds are westerly. The hot wind Loo blows strongly from mid-April up to end of May. The average annual rainfall recorded ranges around 16cm between Monsoon starting in mid-June and lasting up to Mid November. Temperatures range from between a minimum of9 °C (48 °F) in winter to a maximum of up to 45 °C (113 °F) in peak summer.

Habitat : 

Isolated_trails_through_the_dense_Dudhwa_National_Park Dudhwa being spread over an expanse of approximately 811 sq km of marshes, grasslands and dense forests, is an ideal and protected home for over 38 species of mammals, 16 species of reptiles and numerous species of birds. Dudhwa is tiger country. Billy still points out that vast parts of the tiger’s range that abuts Dudhwa were left out of the park and he lobbies constantly to increase Dudhwa’s area to safeguard tigers. All stand in a perfect setting that best harbors a wide range of flora here. The reminiscent forests of the park cover a wide area with termite mounds and patches of reverie trees, forming the flora at this National Park. The park is home to one of the finest forests in India, some of these trees are more than 150 years old and over 70 ft (21 m) tall. The grasslands comprise about 19% of the park. The wetlands constitute the third major habitat type and include the rivers, streams, lakes and marshes. While many of the major wetlands are perennial with some amount of surface moisture retained round the year, some dry up during hot summer. 

Fauna : 

A_male_tiger Dudhwa_(30783128830) Major attractions of Dudhwa National Park are the tigers (population 98 in 1995) and swamp deer (population over 1,600). Billy Arjan Singh successfully hand-reared and reintroduced zoo-born tigers and leopards into the wilds of Dudhwa. Notable variety of rarest species of fauna can be found at Dudhwa National Park. The fascinating wildlife here includes, sloth bear, ratel, civet, jackal cat, fishing cat, jungle cat, spotted deer, hog deer and barking deer. Besides the abovementioned animals, the avian life at Dudhwa is a delight for any avid bird watcher. The marshland of Dudhwa national park is home to around 400 species of resident and migratory birds that include the Swamp Partridge, Bengal Florican, Great Slaty Woodpecker, plenty of painted storks, owls, barbets, woodpeckers, sarus cranes, minivets etc. It includes among others, painted storks, black and white necked storks, sarus cranes, woodpeckers, barbets, kingfishers, minivets, bee-eaters, bulbuls and varied night birds of prey. For waterbirds, a spotting scope or telescope mounted on a tripod can be great help. Dudhwa National Park is a stronghold of the barasingha. Around half of the world’s barasinghas are present in Dudhwa National Park. Much of the park’s avian fauna is aquatic in nature and found around Dudhwa’s lakes such as Banke Tal.

Flora : 

Shadow_at_Dudhwa Forest_view_of_dhudhwa_national_park The abundance of rain makes Dudhwa brim over with fresh plant life-grasslands, thick forests, It has some of the best forest area of Saal trees in the globe, in the midst of other flora and is a virtual unexplored paradise for nature lovers. All stand in a perfect setting that best harbors a wide range of flora here. The reminiscent forests of the park cover a wide area with termite mounds and patches of reverie trees, forming the flora at this National Park as well the most extensive tracts of moist grasslands that remain in this region. The signifivant tree species that make this park astonishingly verdant are shorea robusta, dalbergia, romentosa, sissoo, eugenia, terminalis, jambolana, adina cordifolia, bombax malabaricum and terminalia Belerica.

Best Time To Visit : 

 It’s the important thing to know the park is open or not when you are going to safari and sightseeing in Dudhwa.  The park is opened for visitors from 15 November to 15 June. Though the months of May and June are a little too hot for comfort. While visiting to Dudhwa National Park throughout winter you must remember to have some goods woolen clothes as these are very peaceful to you when you are in the park, mostly stuck between Decembers to Feb.

How To Reach : 

By Air : Nearest Airport is Lucknow (238 km) which is well connected to all major city of country. 

By Rail : Dudhwa Railway station at a distance of 4 kms, Palia (10 kms) and Mailani (37 kms), however the most convenient way would be to travel to Lucknow and hit the road or take a train to any of the nearer stations from there.

By Road : There are lots of bused from uttar pradesh state road transport corporation that between Lucknow and Dudhwa National park. 

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Fatehpur Sikri

Panoramic_vie_of_Fahpur_Sikri_Palace

Built back in the 16thcentury by the Mughal Emperor Akbar, Fatehpur Sikri is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the most popular destinations of India, is a city in the Agra District of Uttar Pradesh state. Farehpur Sikri is capital of the Mughal Empire from 1571 to 1585, when it was abandoned. By going for tours to this historical site, you can get a feel of the rich historical culture of medieval Mughal India. The surviving palace and mosque are a tourist attraction and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The name, Fateh is of Arabic origin and means “victory”. The city houses a number of historical monuments which are all built of red sandstone. These monuments display a blend of Hindu, Persian and Indo-Muslim traditions in their architecture.

History :

Akbar didn’t had heir till the age of 26. Regarding this, he visited the saint, whose blessing gave Akbar 3 sons.  Akbar named the boy Salim after the astrologer, and, two years later decided to move the capital to Sikri. The glorious city was planned by Akbar, the great emperor of Mughal dynasty. The name Fateh is originated from Arabic which means “victory” and Sikri means “thanks to god” and the city came into significance when Akbar the Great made it as head quarters and built a majestic fort. Akbar had visited the village of Sikri to consult the Sufi saint Shaikh Salim Chishti, who predicted the birth of an heir to the Mughal throne. Akbar attacks at this city many times but when he attacks at seventh time Rajput left the city Sikrigrah and because of these sikrigrah was named fatehpur sikri.  It was built between 1569 and 1585. It is bounded on three sides by a wall of 6 km, fortified by towers and pierced by 9 gates, in which a number of impressive edifices of secular and religious nature, which exhibit a fusion of prolific and versatile Indo-Islamic styles, exist. It was intended to be the joint capital with Agra, but was soon deserted because the water system could not support any residents. That’s why the capital was later shifted to the city of Agra within 20 years. 

Tourist Attraction :

Diwan-I-Khas :

Diwan-i-khas,_Fatehpur_Sikri,_India At a distance of 1 km from Fatehpur Sikri Railway Station, Diwan-i-Khas or Hall of Private Audience is located inside the complex of Fatehpur Sikri Fort, is one of the most interestingly orate buildings in Fatehpur Sikri. This is where Emperor Akbar had discussions with people about the faiths belonging to different religions. The Diwan-I-Khas in Fatehpur Sikri offers an excellent glimpse of the life in the Mughal court in Fatehpur Sikri. It is designed according to the Persian style of architecture and is decorated with fine sculpture and precious stones. There are 4 kiosks, which are located in the middle of the court. The hall was meant for special people and religious leaders who wanted or were summoned for a private audience with the Emperor. This building is composed of three halls of equal size. 

Buland Darwaza : 

Buland_Darwaza_gate_2010 This is also known as the “Gate of Magnificence” and was built by Akbar in 1602 AD to commemorate the victory over Gujarat,  And the total height of the structure is 54 meters from the ground. Showcasing a perfect amalgam of Persian and Mughal architectures, this grand doorway serves as the main entry to the imperial complex, Fatehpur Sikri. The 15-storied high gateway is located at the southern entrance of the city. The doorway is richly carved with rhymes from the Holy Quran cut in bold Arabic letters. Buland Darwaza is an astounding example of the Mughal architecture. It is made of red and buff sandstone, decorated by white and black marble. The Buland Darwaza is also indication of the religious tolerance of Akbar the Great, evident from the inscription upon it attributed to Jesus Christ – “The World is but a bridge, pass over but build no houses on it.”

Jama Masjid :

Jama_Masjid_(Fatehpur_Sikri) It is a Jama Mosque meaning the congregational mosque and was perhaps one of the first buildings to be constructed in the complex was built by Akbar under the directions of Salim Chishti. It was built in the manner of Indian mosques, with iwans around a central courtyard. Inlaid geometric designs, colored tiles and calligraphic inscriptions adorn the walls of the Jama Masjid. The massive central courtyard in the mosque has served as a haven for prayer and meditation for the devoted over the centuries. The structure of the Jama Masjid is in a rectangular form and is placed on an elevated platform. The inside of the mosque is decorated with stone carved Mirhabs or altars and is one of the prized collection of Mughal Architecture and marks the transition of the Islamic architecture which was combined with the Hindu style architecture. In its south is the Buland Darwaza and on the east side is the Badshahi Darwaza. Buland Darwaza is the main and largest entrance of the two. Badshahi Darwaza is the royal gateway, which is towards east. 

Jodha Bai’s Palace :

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA The place was the living quarter of the Mughal Queen Jodhabai. The first of the palace buildings is the largest, the Palace of Jodh Bai, and the one-time home of Akbar’s Hindu wife, said to be his favorite. Jodha Bai Ka Rauza is an excellent example of the fusion of Hindu and Muslim architectures. The architecture is a rich amalgamation of the Hindu Rajputana styles with the Islamic Mughal style due to Jodhabai belonging to the Hindu Rajput clans of Amer. Several Hindu motifs like hams (swan), parrot, elephants, lotus, srivatsa mark, ghant mala etc. are decorated in the interior. 

Tomb of Salim Chisti : 

Salim_Chishti's_Tomb_06 The Tomb of Sheikh Salim Chishti is famed as one of the finest examples of Mughal architecture in India, is essentially the most important buildings in the palace complex and was built between 1580 and 1581. The mausoleum, constructed by Akbar as a mark of his respect for the Sufi saint, who foretold the birth of Akbar’s son, who was named Prince Salim after the Sufi Saint and later succeeded Akbar to the throne of the Mughal Empire, as Jahangir. The building is made of carved white marble and is one of the finest examples of the artistic stone carving mastery in medieval India. Showcasing excellence in craftsmanship are the jali screens that are intricately carved out of marble. You will be amazed to see the spectacular serpentine brackets that are made to support the broad chajja on four sides. During the time the city was inhabited, it served as one of the major centers of the Sufi movement in India.

Panch Mahal :

Panch_Mahal,_Fatehpur_Sikri Panch Mahal was a pleasure palace and is a wonderful structure consisting of five storey of decreasing size and has 176 carved columns. There is a pavilion in the Panch Mahal which gives a majestic view of the Fort. The pillars were separated with stone carved meshes or Jaalis in older times and were probably meant for the women of the Zanana enclosure that is located nearby. The palace was also specially constructed to cater to the emperor’s queens and princess. The palace lies close to Anup Talao which was a beautiful and one-of-its-kind water tank built by King Akbar. The tank was used for storing water and distribution purposes. The palace was built as a summer retreat and an entertainment center, there is also a pool made in front of the Panch Mahal which is known as the Anoop Talao, which was filled with water and acted as a venue for musical performances during Akbar’s time. The main purpose of this building is known to be entertainment and was often used for various theatrical, musical and dance performances.

How to Reach :

By Air : Nearest airport is Kheria Airport (40 km) Agra and is well connected to all major city of India.

By Rail : Nearest Railway station is Agra Cantt (40 km) and regular trains are available from all major city.

By Road : Fatehpur Sikri is well connected by road from all major city of India. 

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Jhansi

Jhansi_view

Jhansi is a historic city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, Jhansi is the gateway to Bundelkhand. Jhansi is the administrative headquarters of Jhansi district and Jhansi division. Jhansi is one of the important tourist places in Uttar Pradesh. The name Jhansi has become synonymous to the Rani Lakshmi Bai, but apart from that there are a number of tourist places in Jhansi. It was also the capital of the princely state of Jhansi which was ruled by the Marathas. One of the most famous of Indian revolutionaries Rani Lakshmi Bai was also a Maratha queen who participated in the 1857 revolt.  Jhansi, lying at an average altitude of 284 meters above sea level, is situated between the borders of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. Jhansi was known as ‘Balwant Nagar’ during its earlier days. Jhansi was the seat of the Chandela Dynasty and rose to prominence under their rule. The historical significance of the city has made it an important tourist spot. Jhansi is also famous in the world map for its forts and palaces that remind us of the valor and struggle of the bygone era. 

History : 

The city of Jhansi was once called Balwant Nagar and was a stronghold of the Chandela Dynasty. It was in the 11th century that Jhansi began losing its importance slowly. During the 17th century, under Raja Bir Singh Deo of Orchha, Jhansi again became popular. Raja Bir Singh Deo had good relations with the mughal emperor Jehangir. In 1613 Raja Bir Singh Deo constructed the Jhansi fort. One of the best administrators of Jhansi was Raja Gangadhar Rao. In the year In 1842 Raja Gangadhar Rao married Mannikarnika. After this marriage she was named as Lakshmi Bai. Lakshmi Bai was the Rani of Jhansi or Queen of Jhansi who led her forces against the British during the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857. She sacrificed her life during this first struggle of Indian Independence in 1858. Also known as the Joan of Arc of India, Lakshmi Bai’s name is famous throughout the world and symbolises strength, valor and courage. After Mohammed Khan Bangash attacked his kingdom in 1729, he gifted some of his lands, which included Jhansi, to Peshwa Baji Rao, who helped defend his country. Naroshanker was named the governor of Jhansi in 1742. Naroshanker was responsible for extending the Jhansi fort, and the extension was called Shankergarh. In the 18th century the town of Jhansi served as the capital of a Maratha province and later the Princely State of Jhansi from 1804 till 1853, when the territory became a part of British India. 

Tourist attraction : 

Jhansi fort : 

Jhansi_fort The Jhansi Fort is one of the fortified areas located atop a hill in the city of Jhansi, The early 17th century fort was made by Raja Bir Singh. Extending over 15 acres, this fort is a great example of the north Indian style of architecture. It was surrounded by a huge16 to 20 feet thick granite wall as part of its fortification.  The fort extends to a sprawling expansion of 15 acres and this colossal structure measures about 312m in length and 225m in width. Apart from that the fort has four entrances and ten gates. The Fort also houses the Rani Mahal which was the living quarters of Rani Lakshmi Bai and is now an archeological museum. The Jhansi Mahotsav held here during January or February is probably the best time to visit this fort. The fort has the Karak Bijli tank located within it along with a museum that offers good collections of artefacts and sculpture that speak of the bygone era of Bundelkhand. There is a temple inside the fort which is attended by a priest. There are beautiful temples of Lord Shiva and Ganesha inside the fort. A museum which has a collection of sculpture and provides an insight into the history of Bundelkhand. 

Rani Mahal : 

Jhansi-Photos-Rani-Maha-shareiq-- A must-visit place in Jhansi is the Palace of Rani Laxmi Bai called the Rani Mahal. Rani Mahal is so called because it was the palace of the famous warrior queen of India. It was built by Raghu Nath-II of the Nawalkar Family. A former palace, now converted in to a museum, Rani Mahal boast of a rich history that arise the patriotic feeling of every Indian. The palace has an open courtyard with arched chambers around it that is completely different from the typical Bundelkhand architecture. The palace was one of the main centres of the Great Sepoy Mutiny of 1857. It houses a collection of archaeological remains of the period between the 9th and the 12th century AD and the sculptures excavated by the Archaeological Survey of India. Rani Mahal is two storied building with flat roofs built opposite a quadrangular courtyard. There is a well on one side of the courtyard and a fountain on its other side. The palace also has a Durbar Hall located in the second floor that has a genuine painted wood-panelled ceiling. 

Maharaja Gangadhar Rao ki Chatri : 

jhansi-for The chathri was constructed by Rani Lakshmi Bai in memory of her beloved husband Gangadhar Rao. Located by the side of Lakshmi Tal or pond, the chhatri is regarded as one of the most important historical monuments in the city of Jhansi. The monument is located in the Jhansi fort and is built in a typical Maratha Hindu style. Despite being more than 150 years old, Maharaja Gangadhar Rao ki Chhatri has withstood the ravages of times. Its curved roof standing upon twelve artistically carved pillars is a splendid example of the magnificent architecture of those times. Its elegant appeal attracts large gathering and now a days this monument has become one of the favourite hot spot of the tourists in Jhansi. 

Government Museum : 

destreviewimages-619x240-1483082625-cropped The Government Museum of Jhansi was established in 1878 and is one of the best places to find few of the rare archeological gems in India. This museum is another popular tourist attraction and is centrally located within the city. Its four galleries house an interesting collection of prehistoric tools; terracottas dating from the 4th century BC; and sculptures, costumes, and weapons from the Chandela dynasty. Apart from the exquisite artworks there are weapons, statues and dresses of the Chandela dynasty. In the museum you can find a picture gallery of the Gupta period that highlights the important events of that period. The Government Museum holds various historical artefacts and the entire first floor is dedicated to Rani Laxmi Bai, the Rani of Jhansi. It encompasses weapons, terracotta and bronze sculptures, manuscripts, paintings, gold, silver and copper coins. 

Mahalakshmi Temple : 

Dahanu_Mahalaxmi_Temple_copy Mahalakshmi temple and Ganesh temple are the most popular Hindu shrines in Jhansi. Located at Lakshmi Tal, the temple is the shrine of Goddess Lakshmi which is Built in the 18th century by Raghunath Rao (II) Newalkar, who was appointed the subedar of Jhansi consequent. As per Hindu belief, Mahalakshmi is the deity of good fortune and it is believed that sincere adoration of this goddess would fetch you high rewards. Now the temple has become one of the most sought after tourist attractions in Jhansi since it has witnessed so many historical events during the reign of Rani Lakshmi Bai. This temple is quite famous and is visited by many devotees every year. This temple is mainly devoted to Goddess Mahalaxmi. Special puja takes place during Diwali, and this is the peak time when devotees visit this temple. 

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