Dholavira is a popular Archaeological place in Gujarat. Dholavira is located in Khadirbet in Bhachau Taluka of Kutch District. Dhoravira culture, dating back to 4500 years ago. Part of the excavation of Dholavira is a note of Indus Valley Civilization or Harappan culture. It is also a major part of the Indus Valley culture.
Dholavira is known as Kotda by the locals there. It is spread over 100 acres of land in the northwest. It is called the Great Desert Island of Kutch. Dholavira is located in Khadir Island. where you can spot chinkara gazelle, nilgai flamingos, and other birdlife.
The beginning of the part Dholavira between 2650 BCE and 2500 BCE shows proof of a pre-Harappan culture. The excavations at Dholavira had textile-stone having massive mud-brick walls and huge walls. Shows the use of dressed stone in the construction of Dholavira in which a few rooms have been built from polished stone.
The vestigial show an imposing citadel in the center, with a middle and lower town, each fortified separately, built with pleasingly smoothed structures of sun-dried brick and stone masonry, and town planning. In some places, square poles with a perforated hole have been formed into pillars of high polished stone. The wall of the house of the colony of Dholavira is 15-18 mts. Dholavira shows the structure of a structured metropolis adopted to the street as a reservoir for water storage, for trade, and adapted to the climate there. Excavations at Dholavira have revealed fossils of animal bones, such as gold, silver, and terracotta ornaments, pottery, and bronze vessels.
The property once excavation has been stabilized guaranteeing the protection of its physical integrity. The site excavated over some time has been preserved as partly exposed to avert deterioration due to weathering.