Panipat is a historic city. Also known as ‘City of Weavers‘, and ‘Textile City’, this is an important city for textile production. Panipat is known for the three historical battles that were fought here. The city of Panipat is mentioned in the Mahabharata. The city is one of the five cities founded by the Pandavas in the Mahabharata. It is also known as the “cast-off capital” due to being “the global center for recycling textiles.
The first battle of Panipat was fought on 21 April 1526 between the Afghan Sultan Ibrahim Lodhi of Delhi and the Turko-Mongol warrior Babur, who later established Mughal rule in the North Indian subcontinent. The Second Battle of Panipat was fought on 5 November 1556 between Akbar and the army of Hemchandra Vikramaditya, the last Hindu Emperor of Delhi. The Third Battle of Panipat was fought on 14 January 1761 between the Maratha Empire and the Afghan and Baloch invaders. The Maratha Empire forces were led by Sadashivrao Bhau and Afghanistan by Ahmad Shah Abdali. Panipat is mainly famous for these three wars.
Visiting place in Panipat
Tomb of Bu-Ali Shah Kalanda
This tomb is also known as the Dargah of Shah Kalandar Khizr Khan which has been located there for 700 years. Bu-Ali-Shah Kalandar was a saint born in 1190 A.D.This tomb was built in the Mughal era. This tomb is thronged annually in the famous festival of Urs by devotees of all classes and religions. The tomb was built by Mahabat Khan, the army general of Emperor Jahangir, in memory of the famous Sufi saint of the Chishti order, Hazrat Sharifuddin Bu Ali Shah Kalandar or Bu Ali Shah Kalandar.
Kabuli Bagh Mosque
This fort was first built by Babur. This fort was built on Ibrahim Lodhi to celebrate Babur’s victory. The garden of Kabuli Bagh, along with a mosque, was named Musammat Kabuli Begum, the wife of Babur.
The museum places special emphasis on the battles of Panipat as a turning point in the history of India. Some of the war-heroes documented in the museum are Samrat Hemchandra Vikramaditya – local heroes who were from Haryana, Raja Surja Mal of Bharatpur, Vikramaditya of Gwalior, Maharaja of Patiala, Sher Shah Suri, Sadashiv Rao Bhai, Vishwas Rao Peshwa, and Tukuj.
Grave of Ibrahim Lodhi
Ibrahim Lodhi was the Afghanistan Sultan of Delhi. He was killed in the first battle of Panipat in April 1526 by the Turko-Mongol warrior Babur. In 1866, the Samadhi was moved by the British during the construction of the Grand Trunk Road, and Ibrahim Lodi was installed in the Battle of Panipat.
This majestic ground was the third battle of Panipat between the Maratha warriors and the Afghan army. Kala Amb is a very important historical place. It is believed that uncontrolled bloodshed in the area turned the battlefield black as well as other surrounding plantations. There was a mango tree here where the fruit Avana continued which was named Kala Amb. That is why this place is named Kala Amb.