Allahabad also known as Prayag is a city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, It is also called the “Tirth Raj”, the king of all pilgrimage center. And the administrative headquarters of Allahabad District, the most populous district in the state. It is a ‘tale of two cities’. The old city has a glorious past and the new city that is rubbing shoulders with modernity. The Kumbh held in every six years and Mahakumbh in every 12 years at Allahabad the largest religious fair in the world. It is located at the junction of the holy rivers the Ganga, the Yamuna and the Saraswati.
The city’s original name–Prayag, or “place of offerings”–comes from its position at the Sangam (confluence) of the Ganga, Yamuna and mythical Sarasvati rivers. It is the second-oldest city in India, and plays a central role in Hindu scriptures. The place where river Ganga and river Yamuna meet is called Sangam (union). Sangam is the venue of many sacred fairs and rituals, and attracts thousands of pilgrims throughout the year. These rivers has played an important role in weaving the society and cultural fabric of the city which is which is visited by pilgrims from virtually every corner rom country during the month of Magh. It is the place of importance in the Hindu religion. It is a city which has the mixed culture of Hindus, Muslims, Jains and Christans.
The name Prayāga existed during the Vedic period, and is mentioned in the Veda as the location where Brahma (the Hindu creator of the universe) attended a ritual sacrifice. The city was once part of the Kuru dynasty, who made it their capital after the destruction of Hastinapur by floods. According to historian Badauni, the great Mughal Emperor Akbar also visited Prayag and founded the imperial city of Illahabad that later on came to be known as Allahabad. The construction of the Akbar Fort bears testimony to the importance of the city that was made the provincial capital during the Mughal period.According to historian Badauni, the great Mughal Emperor Akbar also visited Prayag and founded the imperial city of Illahabad that later on came to be known as Allahabad. The construction of the Akbar Fort bears testimony to the importance of the city that was made the provincial capital during the Mughal period.
Prayag is birth place of Som, Varuna and Prjapati. Prayag has been associated with mythological personalities in Brahmanical(Vedic) and Buddhist Literatures. It was the seat of the great sge Bhardwaj, sage Durvasa and Sage Pannas sage Bhardwaj lived here circa 5000BC and taught more than 10000 disciples. He was the greatest philospher of ancient world. Puranas pay a glowing tribute to the city of Prayag which is also illustrated in the beautiful verses of the great poet Kalidasa. The famous character of poet in the drama Raghuvansham, speaks of the great line which divided the clear blue stream of The Yamuna from the muddy stream of The Ganga. Allahabad is known as the “city of prime ministers” because seven out of 15 prime ministers of India since independence have connections to Allahabad (Jawaharlal Nehru, Lal Bahadur Shastri, Indira Gandhi, Rajiv Gandhi, Gulzarilal Nanda, Vishwanath Pratap Singh and Chandra Shekhar). All seven leaders were either born there, were alumni of Allahabad University or were elected from an Allahabad constituency.
Climate & Culture :
Allahabad is blessed with a rich, artistic and cultural heritage. Every twelve years, the city hosts Kumbh Mela, which attracts tourists from all over the country. Other famous festivals that are keenly celebrated are Ardh Kumbh Mela and Magh Mela where devotees from different cities and states take a solemn dip in the holy rivers. Hindustani Classical Music and Kathak are popular classical music and dance forms.
Allahabad has a humid subtropical climate common to cities in the plains of North India. The annual mean temperature is 26.1 °C (79.0 °F); monthly mean temperatures are 18–29 °C (64–84 °F). The month of March marks the start of summers in Allahabad and it lasts till June. Temperature ranges between 30°C to a mercurial 45°C during these months. July to September is when Allahabad experiences monsoon, which brings intermittent showers of rain. Winter runs from December to February, with temperatures rarely dropping to the freezing point. The daily average maximum temperature is about 22 °C (72 °F) and the minimum about 9 °C (48 °F). The best season to visit Allahabad is the winter season in the months of October to March. The temperature remains comfortable and is apt for sightseeing and other.
Triveni Sangam, located at a distance of 7 km from the Civil Lines is one of the most famous tourist attractions of the city. Triveni Sangam also known as Sangam is the confluence of three rivers Ganges, Yamuna and the mythical Saraswati. One can clearly identify the pale yellow waters of the Ganga and the blue waters of the Yanuma. It is believed that some drops of nectar fell from a pitcher in the hands of the Gods, which makes up Triveni Sangam. Therefore, a bath in the waters here is said to cleanse people off all their sins. The holy Sangam is the site for Annual Magha Mela/Ardh Kumbh/Kumbh Mela. It is during the Kumbh/Ardh Kumbh that the Sangam truly comes alive, attracting millions of devotees from all over the country.
The ancestral home of the illustrious Nehru first Prime-Minister of India family, Anand Bhawan has now been converted into a museum and displays the memorabilia of India s First Family, where many decisions and events related to the freedom struggle have been known to take place. Indira Gandhi, first lady Prime Minister of India was born there. Jawahar Planetarium is also located inside the Anand Bhawan. The exhibits inside the house highlight the events, which describes the participation of prestigious family in independence of India. The most beautiful parts of the museum are the bedroom of Nehru and his study. Here one is offered a glimpse of the lifestyle of the family that retained for a long time and even today the status of the most important political dynasty in India. It is a two storied building which has rooms including the one where Father of Nation Mahatma Gandhi used to stay during his visits.
Allahabad Fort stretched along the banks of River Yamuna narrates the heroic tale of Allahabad’s legendary past built by Emperor Akbar in 1583 AD. This huge, majestic fort has three magnificent galleries flanked by high towers. Presently, the army uses the Allahabad fort and only a limited area is open to visitors. The important monuments and buildings inside are the Zanana palace for the women, the Saraswati Koop which is considered as the source of the Saraswati River and a 3rd century BC Ashoka Pillar. In addition, the fort also has Ashoka Pillar which was built back in 232 B.C by Mauryan Empire. This gigantic pillar is a polished sandstone with an height of 10.6 metre. Visitors require a permit from the Ordnance Depot or the Tourist Office for visiting this Fort.
Khusro Bagh was completed in 1622 AD and houses the tombs of Khusrau Mirza (eldest son of Emperor Jahangir), his mother Shah Begum, and his sister Sultan Nithar Begum. The three sandstone mausoleums within this walled garden, present an exquisite example of Mughal architecture. The most beautifully designed monument is of Prince Khusrau, hence the name. Enjoy the sight of Mughal architecture and go on a relaxing walk in the park. You can learn about the place from the boards put inside and from the localities of the city. In addition, there is another tomb which was constructed for Khusro’s mother. She poisoned herself in despair as she was not able to handle Khusro’s opposition of his father Jahangir.
How To Reach:
By Air: Barmauli Airport (15 km) is connected to metro city of India. Delhi and Kolkata is nearest International airport.
By Rail: Allahabad have major rail head and its well connected to all major city of India.
By Road: Allahabad has a good connectivity of roads and highways from whole Country.
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