Bhakra Dam is located at a gorge near the (now submerged) upstream Bhakra village in Bilaspur district of height 226 m, Right on the border of North Indian states of Punjab and Himachal Pradesh. Bhakra Dam is a concrete gravity dam across the Satluj River in Bilaspur,is the India’s second tallest at 225.55 m (740 ft) high next to the 261m Tehri Dam. The length of the dam (measured from the road above it) is 518.25 m and the width is 9.1 m. Its reservoir known as “Gobind Sagar” stores up to 9.34 billion cubic metres of water. The 90 km long reservoir created by the Bhakra Dam is spread over an area of 168.35 km2. Bhakra Nangal Dam, is situated at a height of 226 m above sea level, stuns the visitor with its sheer height. it withholds the third largest reservoir in India, the first being Indira Sagar dam in Madhya Pradesh with capacity of 12.22 billion cubic meters and second Nagarjunasagar Dam with 11.56 billion cubic meters.
The Bhakra Nangal multipurpose dams were among the earliest river valley development schemes undertaken by India after independence though the project had been conceived long before India became a free nation. The view of this vast dam and the surrounding jungles is absolutely stunning and so, a lot of tourist visits this amazing place to take the glimpse of this engineering marvel. Described as ‘New Temple of Resurgent India’ by Jawaharlal Nehru, the first prime minister of India, the dam attracts tourists from all over India. Nangal dam is another dam downstream of Bhakra dam. Sometimes both the dams together are called Bhakra-Nangal dam though they are two separate dams. Engineering comes to perfection in the Bhakra Dam, which serves as the hallmark of science and modern technology. It is virtually the central nervous system of northern India, supplying electricity to the entire region and helping run industries, corporate houses, etc. Nangal dam is a barrage dam that is 10 km downstream of Bhakra dam.
The Bhakra Dam is one of the earliest river valley development schemes undertaken by India after independence, though the project had been conceived long before India became a free nation. Construction of the dam started in 1948, Jawahar Lal Nehru poured the first bucket of concrete into the foundations of Bhakra on 18 November 1955 and the dam was completed by the end of 1963, And its construction was started by Sir Louis Dane, the Lieutenant Governor of Punjab. its construction was started by Sir Louis Dane, the Lieutenant Governor of Punjab. On ceremony of Dem, Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru said, “This dam has been built with the unrelenting toil of man for the benefit of mankind and therefore is worthy of worship. May you call it a Temple or a Gurdwara or a Mosque, it inspires our admiration and reverence”.
Uses & Attraction :
Bhakra dam was part of the larger multipurpose Bhakra Nangal Project whose aims were to prevent floods in the Sutluj-Beas river valley, to provide irrigation to adjoining states and to provide hydro-electricity. The dam holds excess waters during the monsoon and provides a regulated release during the year . It also prevents damage due to monsoon floods. The dam provides irrigation to 10 million acres of fields in Punjab, Haryana, and Rajasthan. It becomes a prime tourist spot in Bilaspur because of its huge size and uniqueness. The Bhakra Dam is three times taller than the Qutab Minar and occupies the important position on the map of India. The Bhakra main line is a canal that mostly supplies irrigation water to the state of Haryana. It also has four flood gates to control floods.
Bhakra and Nangal dams house hydroelectric power generators, which are situated on both the sides of the dams. Nangal hydel Channel and Anandpur Sahib Channel are used for power generation and irrigation purposes. The two power houses have a total capacity of 1325 MW. The power generated at Bhakra Power houses is distributed among partner states of Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Himachal Pradesh and also supplied to common pool consumers like National Fertilizers Ltd. and Chandigarh and Delhi. Three additional power plants are on the two canals Nangal Hydel Channel and Anandpur Sahib Hydel Channel that originate from Nangal dam. Engineering comes to perfection in the Bhakra Dam, which is virtually the central nervous system of northern India. The dam supply electricity to the entire region and helps run industries, corporate houses, etc.
Tourists visiting Bhakra Dam also have the opportunity to try the water sports at the famous Gobind Lake. This is an artificial lake formed as a result of the Bhakra Dam on the river Sutlej. The reservoir of the Dam, Gobind Sagar, homes fishes of different species including endangered Mahseer. Commercial fishing by Local fisherman is also common in Gobind Sagar. The lake is quite popualr for the sports such as water skiing, sailing, kayaking, and water scooter racing. Being the Second highest dam in India, it attracts a large number of tourists who visit its reservoir and attractive location.
How To Reach :
Well connected through main city via all means of transport. Bus services quite prominent. Bhakhra dam has regular bus routes and taxi services from it’s surrounding cities. Nearest airport is at Chandigarh.
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