Bongaigaon district was created on 29th September, 1989 with its district headquarters at Bongaigaon, the largest city in Lower Assam.
Bongaigaon district occupies an area of 1,724 sq. kms. surrounded by Barpeta in the east, the Brahmaputra in the south and Kokrajhar in the north and west corner. It was the last capital of the Kamatapur Kingdom and home to many historical monuments of Assamese culture.
Attractions & Places to Visit and Explore in Bongaigaon
Koyakujia Beel is a popular tourist attraction situated near Abhayapuri about 15 kilometers from Bongaigaon. The vast waterland consisting of small islands flourish with myriad flora & fauna. Many migratory birds migrate to this place during winter.
Jogighopa and Pancharatna
These are two historic sites situated on either bank of Brahmaputra river, in Assam. Pancharatna lies on the southern bank and is about 160 kilometers west of Guwahati by road. Jogighopa lies on the northern bank and is about 212 km from Guwahati. Pancharatna boasts of some ruins of a post Gupta temple and some also rock cut ruins including a monolithic Buddhist stupa.
Rock Cut Caves
The best specimens of the architecture of the Salasthambha period are the remains of the five rock-cut caves at Jogighopa on the bank of the Brahmaputra in the district of Bongaigaon. These are the unique examples of rock-cut architecture in Assam. Though these rock-cut caves are not of such architectural interest as those in Western India, but these remains at Jogighopa are the clear evidence of the fact that Assam was not outside the movement of this particular type of art developed in India as it will be seen from description of the best preserved cave noticed at Jogighopa.
Cave measures 2.60 m breadth, 1.8 mm in depth and 1.90 m in height. A platform of brick and mud masonry is found inside which is obviously a later addition. A chase running across the entire breath of the cave on the top serves to drain away rain water from the facade. Flights of steps have been cut into the rock on either side and ledge on the top diverts the rain water from the facade. The cave bears no sculptural designs. The other caves at the site have no flights and verandah and smaller in size than the best preserved one.
This is a famous religious temple in Western Assam. It is located in the heart of the city in a place named Borpara.
Sri Surjya Pahar
This is a significant but relatively unknown archaeological site in Assam. The site is a hilly terrain where several rock-cut Shivalingas, votive stupas and the deities of Hindu, Buddhist and Jain pantheon are scattered in an area of about one km. The site is centered on the hills of Sri Surya which is profusely filled up with Shiva Lingas (Lingam). The popular belief is that 99999 Shiva Lingas were engraved here by Vyasa in order to build up a second Kashi (where there were 1,00000 Shiva Lingas). It was once one of the holiest pilgrimage sites in the region. The exact figure of the Lingas (and also other deities and relics) on the hill is yet to be counted scientifically.
Lalmati-duramari Ganesh Temple
The Lalmati-Duramari Ganesh Temple near Abhayapuri town is one of the oldest temples of the state. The history of the carvings are yet to be ascertained but after a study of the stone carving and modes related to the carved idols, archeologists opine that the temple and carvings belong to 8th to 10th centuries AD
There are three views advanced as the reason for destrcution of the temple. The first view has it that earthquakes during the 8th and 10th centuries destroyed the temple and its images, while according to the second view, Kalapahar who revolted against worshipers and priests, destroyed the temple along with other temples in the northeast. The third view has it that Burmese(Maan) invaders who camped at Malegarh(Manegarh) hills destroyed the temple along with the idols. But it seems that earthquake has been the prime cause of the destruction of the temple.
Kachugaon Game Reserve
It is located in Kachugaon. This is a protected area under the forest department of Assam and covers an area of around 214sq km. This reserve has rare and endangered species such a gaur, golden langoor, spotted deer and elephant.
Manas National Park
Bongaigaon city is the entry point to the Manas National Park. Located in the Himalayan foothills, it is contiguous with the Royal Manas National Park in Bhutan. The park is known for its rare and endangered endemic wildlife such as the Assam Roofed Turtle, Hispid Hare, Golden Langur and Pygmy Hog. Manas is also famous for its population of the Wild water buffalo.