Dudhwa National Park residing the areas of Lakhimpur & Kheri district of Uttar Pradesh and covers an area of 490.3 km , with a buffer zone of 190 km. The Dudhwa National Park, better known as the Garden of Eden, is a home to more than 38 species of mammals, 90 species of fish, 400 species of birds and 16 species of reptiles and is Indian portion of terai arc landscape, stretching from Yamuna river in the west to Valmiki Tiger Reserve, Bihar in the east, spreads across five states along the Shivaliks and Gangetic plains. Dudhwa National Park lying adjacent to the Indo-Nepal border bringing together two most incredible sanctuaries of the area namely, Kishanpur and Katerniaghat Wildlife Sanctuaries to represent the excellent natural forests and greenery along the Terai region. The Park is tiger reserve since the year 1879, the region of Dudhwa became a popular National Park during 1977 and acquired the project Tiger during 1988.
This region comes under the sub Himalayan area called as Terai belt. This Terai region is acknowledged as the most endangered ecosystems throughout the world. It is well known sanctuary of the swamp deer and is home to tigers, leopards, varieties of deer, antelopes, elephants, jackal, hyena etc, amid thick green forest and grassland. It is also a bird watchers’ heaven. A large number of rhinos are also found here. In this scenario Dudhwa Tiger Reserve comprising of three Protected Areas i.e. Dudhwa National Park, Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary and Katerniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary, stands out as the primary Protected Area Complex of the terai with one of its components having the status of a National Park.
Dudhwa experiences extreme climates, and has a humid subtropical with dry winters type of climate. During the chilly winters from mid-October to mid-March, temperatures hover between 20 and 30 °C . In summer season, visiting the national park will make one work into a lather. The temperature raise upto 40 degrees centigrade in summers, Prevalent winds are westerly. The hot wind Loo blows strongly from mid-April up to end of May. The average annual rainfall recorded ranges around 16cm between Monsoon starting in mid-June and lasting up to Mid November. Temperatures range from between a minimum of9 °C (48 °F) in winter to a maximum of up to 45 °C (113 °F) in peak summer.
Dudhwa being spread over an expanse of approximately 811 sq km of marshes, grasslands and dense forests, is an ideal and protected home for over 38 species of mammals, 16 species of reptiles and numerous species of birds. Dudhwa is tiger country. Billy still points out that vast parts of the tiger’s range that abuts Dudhwa were left out of the park and he lobbies constantly to increase Dudhwa’s area to safeguard tigers. All stand in a perfect setting that best harbors a wide range of flora here. The reminiscent forests of the park cover a wide area with termite mounds and patches of reverie trees, forming the flora at this National Park. The park is home to one of the finest forests in India, some of these trees are more than 150 years old and over 70 ft (21 m) tall. The grasslands comprise about 19% of the park. The wetlands constitute the third major habitat type and include the rivers, streams, lakes and marshes. While many of the major wetlands are perennial with some amount of surface moisture retained round the year, some dry up during hot summer.
Major attractions of Dudhwa National Park are the tigers (population 98 in 1995) and swamp deer (population over 1,600). Billy Arjan Singh successfully hand-reared and reintroduced zoo-born tigers and leopards into the wilds of Dudhwa. Notable variety of rarest species of fauna can be found at Dudhwa National Park. The fascinating wildlife here includes, sloth bear, ratel, civet, jackal cat, fishing cat, jungle cat, spotted deer, hog deer and barking deer. Besides the abovementioned animals, the avian life at Dudhwa is a delight for any avid bird watcher. The marshland of Dudhwa national park is home to around 400 species of resident and migratory birds that include the Swamp Partridge, Bengal Florican, Great Slaty Woodpecker, plenty of painted storks, owls, barbets, woodpeckers, sarus cranes, minivets etc. It includes among others, painted storks, black and white necked storks, sarus cranes, woodpeckers, barbets, kingfishers, minivets, bee-eaters, bulbuls and varied night birds of prey. For waterbirds, a spotting scope or telescope mounted on a tripod can be great help. Dudhwa National Park is a stronghold of the barasingha. Around half of the world’s barasinghas are present in Dudhwa National Park. Much of the park’s avian fauna is aquatic in nature and found around Dudhwa’s lakes such as Banke Tal.
The abundance of rain makes Dudhwa brim over with fresh plant life-grasslands, thick forests, It has some of the best forest area of Saal trees in the globe, in the midst of other flora and is a virtual unexplored paradise for nature lovers. All stand in a perfect setting that best harbors a wide range of flora here. The reminiscent forests of the park cover a wide area with termite mounds and patches of reverie trees, forming the flora at this National Park as well the most extensive tracts of moist grasslands that remain in this region. The signifivant tree species that make this park astonishingly verdant are shorea robusta, dalbergia, romentosa, sissoo, eugenia, terminalis, jambolana, adina cordifolia, bombax malabaricum and terminalia Belerica.
Best Time To Visit :
It’s the important thing to know the park is open or not when you are going to safari and sightseeing in Dudhwa. The park is opened for visitors from 15 November to 15 June. Though the months of May and June are a little too hot for comfort. While visiting to Dudhwa National Park throughout winter you must remember to have some goods woolen clothes as these are very peaceful to you when you are in the park, mostly stuck between Decembers to Feb.
How To Reach :
By Air : Nearest Airport is Lucknow (238 km) which is well connected to all major city of country.
By Rail : Dudhwa Railway station at a distance of 4 kms, Palia (10 kms) and Mailani (37 kms), however the most convenient way would be to travel to Lucknow and hit the road or take a train to any of the nearer stations from there.
By Road : There are lots of bused from uttar pradesh state road transport corporation that between Lucknow and Dudhwa National park.
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