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Jallianwala Bagh has become a famous name and place in the Indian history as Jallianwala Bagh Massacre since 1919. it is a public garden in Amritsar of Punjab state and houses a memorial of national importance, is easily one of the most sordid episodes of the chequered history of India. Also known as Amritsar massacre, as many as 1100 peaceful protesters were killed when British troops opened fire on April 13, 1919 at this place, which happened to be ‘Baisakhi’, one of Punjab’s largest religious festivals. Today, the park has been converted into a memorial who sacrificed their lives

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Jallianwala Bagh massacre : 

Jallianwala Bagh garden is located in the area of around 6.5 acre means 26,000 m2 near to the Golden Temple complex which is very holy place for the people of Sikh religion. On April 13, 1919 20,000 people comprising Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs had gathered at a public garden in Amritsar, Punjab to celebrate Baisakhi and answer to Mahatma Gandhi’s call for public non-violent protest against the Rowlatt Act. Dyer was convinced of a major insurrection and he banned all meetings; however, this notice was not widely disseminated. On hearing that a meeting had assembled at Jallianwala Bagh, British Indian Army soldiers, commanded by Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer, began shooting at an unarmed gathering of men, women, and children without warning. The Bagh was blocked on every side by buildings and houses. There were some narrow entrances but most of them had been locked permanently. The main entry had already been blocked by the shooters. Dyer had not given these people any warning that he was going to shoot them and as such they were not prepared to escape or even plead for mercy. As many as 1600 rounds were fired and the firing stopped only when the British ran out of ammunition. Many people jumped into the well in the park to escape the bullets. Though official records put the number of fatalities at 379 and injured at 1,100, the numbers were widely believed to be more. The casualty number estimated by the Indian National Congress was more than 1,500, with approximately 1,000 dead but still the true data is unknown. is massacre met with a lot of strong remorse from the entire nation and shaped the upcoming events of the history of India’s freedom struggle. 

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The well-preserved walls with numerous visible bullet marks provide significant reminders of the massacre. Look for the Martyrs’ Well, into which people jumped in a desperate bid to avoid the bullets. Spread over 26,000 sq. mt, this garden site houses a Martyr’s Gallery, which holds an exhibit of portraits of some freedom fighters. Managed by the Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial Trust, this memorial was established as per the Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial Act passed by the Government of India in 1951. Today, Jallianwala Bagh stands as a memorial to the massacre of unarmed civilians who had gathered to celebrate their new year. The park sits in the heart of Amritsar’s old town and is a short walk from other major city attractions. The fascinating Golden Temple and lively Katra Jaimal Singh Market are both less than 10 minutes on foot. 

How To Reach : 

The City is well connected to all city major city like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata by Air,Rail or Road. 

Image copyright by commons.wikimedia.org

Posted in: India, Panjab
 

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