Kanha National Park, is one of the tiger reserves of India and the largest national park of Madhya Pradesh. in the Mandla and Balaghat districts, Which is a vast expanse of grassland and forest Spread across 940 sq.km. The present-day Kanha area was divided into two sanctuaries, Hallon and Banjar, of 250 and 300 km2 respectively. Kanha National Park was created on 1 June 1955 and in 1973 was made the Kanha Tiger Reserve. Kanha Tiger Reserve being declared as one of the finest wildlife areas in the world. this is still one of India’s best parks for sightings. And here you can really go deep into the forest for a perhaps more complete safari experience than the rush-and-grab outings that some complain of at Bandhavgarh.
The park has a significant population of Bengal tiger, Indian leopards, the sloth bear, barasingha and Indian wild dog. The lush sal and bamboo forests, grassy meadows. There is every chance of seeing a tiger on early morning elephant rides, or from vehicles both in the morning or evening. Barasingha deer, star attraction of Kanha, often adorn their antlers with tufts of grass in the rutting season. The lowland forest is a mixture of sal (Shorea robusta) and other mixed forest trees, interspersed with meadows. The highland forests are tropical moist dry deciduous type and of a completely different nature with bamboo on slopes. The landscapes and the surrounding luxurious meadows along with the wooded strands and the dense maroons of forests offer magnanimous sightseeing experiences for the nature lovers. Making the land more beautiful and adorable, the crystal clear streams amidst the dense jungle cleanses the surroundings and makes the wildlife unrivalled.
Kanha Tiger Reserve is home to over 1000 species of flowering plants. It is a low land forest that brings a mixture of Sal and other mixed forest trees, mingled with meadows. The moderate and favorable climate and varied topography supports the growth of a rich and varied flora in the Park, and given the high rainfall precipitation. The Sal is good quality timber, the leaves are good fodder, fruits have nutritional & medicinal value and is valued greatly by tribals. Kanha Tiger Reserve abounds in meadows or maidans which are basically open grasslands that have sprung up in fields of abandoned villages, evacuated to make way for the animals. Kanha meadow is one such example. There are many species of grass recorded at Kanha some of which are important for the survival of barasingha in the reserve. Aquatic plants in numeroustal (lakes) are life line for migratory and wetland species of birds.
Trailing a wild tiger lazing around the shades of the forests of Kanha offers its own charm. fauna has given Kanha its deserved reputation for being one of the finest and best administered National Parks in Asia. Kanha Tiger Reserve has species of tigers, leopards, wild dogs, wild cats, foxes and jackals. Among the deer species, swamp deer or hard ground barasingha is pride of the place as it is the only subspecies of swamp deer in India. The varieties of animals can be discovered in abundance at this amazing reserve. It is the only habitat of the rare hard ground Barasingha, often referred as “the jewel of Kanha” and most famed the Indian Tigers. The park is also home to Sambars and Gaurs, which are generally seen in the green meadows, grazing away the grasses to glory. In summer gaur inhabit meadows and water holes in the park. Blackbuck have inexplicably become very rare. 300 species of birds and the most commonly seen birds are the Black Ibis, Bee-eaters, Cattle Egret, Blossom-Headed Parakeets, Pond Heron, Drongos, Common Teal, Crested Serpent Eagle, Grey Hornbill and many more.
Best Time To Visit :
The park’s flora and fauna are documented in the park’s Kanha Museum. The temperature rages from a maximum of 42°C in May ad June to around 4°C in winter. The season for visit kanha tiger reserve is winter from November to June. Park remain closed during monsoon.
How To Reach :
By Air : The Nearest airport are Jabalpur (160 km) and Raipur (250). Which are well connected to all major city of India.
By Rail : The Nearest airport is jabalpur (160 km) which is well connected to all major city of India.
By Road : Kanha national park is well connected by road from rest of the India.
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