The name Khammam has been derived from the name of a local hill by the name Stambhadri that is home to an ancient temple of Narasimha Swamy and also believed to have been in existence since Treta Yuga. The name of the town, Stambhadri, later reportedly became Kambhadri, Kambham mettu, and finally, Khammam, which is now the district headquarters. The town is located close to the river Munneru a tributary of the Krishna River. Khammam district is of immense historical importance in Telangana.
In 1959 Bhadrachalam Revenue Division of East Godavari region was merged into Khammam due to geographical contiguity and administrative viability. There is an annual festival held in Khammam in remembrance of the old name called “Stambhadri”.
The district shares boundaries with the states of AP and Chattisgarh. Khammam Fort, that was constructed in 950 AD by the Kakatiya rulers stands majestically atop a hill, overlooking the town of Khammam town. Khammam Fort represents a union of both Hindu and Muslim architectural influences. Iy also recently celebrated 1000 years of its construction. Khammam district is rich in coal deposits and forest reserves. There are many places of interests in Khammam such as Nelakondapalli, Bhadrachalam, Kusumanchi etc.
Bhadrachalam is a key town of Pilgrimage importance located in the Khammam District of Telangana. The temple town of Bhadrachalam is situated on the banks of Godavari River. It was part of East Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh till 1959. The town is synonymous for its famous temple devoted to Lord Rama. Bhadrachalam Revenue division is considered one of the largest revenue divisions in the country, which was transferred to Khammam district of Telangana region for administrative purposes.
According to history, Paleolithic man had roamed the areas, which is called the lower Godavari valley that includes Bhadrachalam and its surroundings. Bhadrachalam town has a clearly documented history of Lord Sri Rama temple, which was constructed in the 17th Century CE. According to Mythology, the present town was once part of the Dandakaranya forest, which Lord Sri Rama, Sita and Lakshmana had visited during their exile also called vanavasam according to local parlance. The jungle which is now in the vicinity of temple was the place for Rama’s retreat and a place called Parnasala which is 32 km away was the location where Rama had built a dwelling for himself and Sita. It was here that Sita was abducted by Lanka ruler, Ravana.
The town shares its historical significance with Ramayana Era. The name Bhadrachalam is derived from the word Bhadragiri (The Mountain Abode of Bhadra, the child of Meru and Menaka). The famous temple at Bhadrachalam is home to the Archa Murthy’s of Rama, Sita and Lakshmana and their idols are believed to be swayambhu i.e. self-manifested ones.
Bhadrachalam division also has several other Hindu temples. Parnasala is believed to be the spot where Rama constructed a hermitage during his exile and spent time with his wife Sita and brother Lakshmana. Agastya muni helped Rama select this spot. For the purpose of tourists, there is picturesque display of few scenes from vanavasa at Parnasala. Pilgrims enthrall when they see the footprints of Sita devi, the mosaic of Maarecha who appears in the guise of golden deer and Ravana who appears in the form of Sanyasi for Bhikshatana. One can see Sita Vaagu where Sita had bathed and gathered turmeric and Kunkum from the nearby stones. Yetapaka located 2 km from Bhadrachalam has a history where the bird Jatayuvu, an ardent devotee of Rama tried to obstruct Ravana when he was proceeding on a chariot after kidnapping Sita. A fierce batted ensued and a wing of the bird was believed to have found at Rekkapalli.
Rama is worshipped as Atmarama here at Dummugudem where according to Purana, Rama killed around 14,000 demons belonging to Khara and Dushana. The place is called Dummugudem as it was built on the ashes of these demons. At Gundala, located 5 km away from Bhadrachalam, once can see hot water springs after digging a pit on the riverbank and it is said that the divine trio of Brahma, Vishnu and Maheshwara dipped in the holy water here during winter season. There are other places too like Sree Rama Giri, Venkatreddipeta, Gannavaram etc. The temple town witnesses heavy influx of pilgrims during Sree Rama Kalyanam. Kothagudem, 40 kilometers away is the nearest railway station and regular buses are available from here, Khammam, Hyderabad and Vijayawada.
TEMPLE TIMINGS : All Days of the Week
4:30 AM – 1:00 PM
3:00 PM – 9:00 PM
(Closed from 5.30 AM – 7 PM, 11.30 AM – Noon and 6 PM – 6.30 PM)
HOW TO REACH : Telangana Tourism organizes package tour to Bhadrachalam from Hyderabad, located approximately 320 km away. Kothagudem, 40 kilometers away is the nearest railway station and regular buses ply to this temple town from Khammam and Hyderabad.
Jamalapuram is a small village situated close to Yerrupalem town of Khammam district, Telangana, India. The village has an ancient temple dedicated to Lord Venkateswara. Here Lord Venkateswara is manifested in the form of Swayam Bhoo. The temple also boasts of Padmavathi Ammavari Temple, Sivalayam, Ganesh Temple, Anjaneya Swamy temple, Sri Alivelu Amma vari Temple and Ayyappa Swamy Temple. The temple’s location amidst pleasant weather surrounded by lush green hills is an added attraction.
The temple was renovated by Vijayanagara Emperor Sri Krishna Devarayalu and is also called Khammam Chinna Tirupathi. This place also consists of the historical Suchi Gutta where it is believed that Jabali Maharshi earned Lord Venkateswara‘s blessings after penance. These days it is also called Telangana Chinna Tirupathi. The temple is situated at distance of 80 km from the district headquarters of Khammam while tourists coming from Vijawayda need to travel 141 kilometers. An ancient temple in a pleasant environment is one factor that has made the temple popular with tourists. The temple witnesses heavy flux of pilgrims during auspicious occasions and festivals.
HOW TO REACH : There are buses available from the district headquarters of Khammam to Jamalapuram, located approximately 79 km away.
Kinnerasani River is an important tributary of the river Godavari. The scenic beauty created by the landscape along the Kinnerasani River is a panoramic one abutted by lush green landscape. The Kinnerasani project or the Dam is a storage reservoir constructed on the Kinnerasani River in the Godavari Basin at Yanamboil village of Palvoncha mandal. It was completed at a cost of Rs. 558.00 lakhs in 1966 and was inaugurated by the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. It provides irrigation facilities to the farmers and water to KTPS at Palvoncha for thermal power generation. The dam has a storage capacity of 233 Cu.M at the full reservoir level of 407 feet.
It is located in Khammam District of Telangana marked by dense forests and is surrounded by magnificent hills. The river flows its course through the Dandakaranya forest and the reservoir forms a 635 Sq. Kms. area teeming with wild life, also called Kinnerasani Wildlife Sanctuary. The dam is located at a distance of 24 kms from Kothagudem and 12 Kms from Palvancha, the site of Kothagudem Thermal Power Station.
The forest department developed a deer park enroute the dam. The Kinnerasani sanctuary is a haven of exotic wildlife and tourists enjoy their visit here by spotting several animals in their natural habitat. The river dissects the Kinnerasani sanctuary and finally joins river Godavari. The sanctuary is a home for Cheetal, Chinkara, Wild Boars, Chousinghas, Sambar, Gaurs, Hyena, Jackals, Sloth Bear, Tigers Panthers, and Black Bucks. Peafowl, Quails, Partridges, Teals, Nuktas, Spoonbills Jungle Fowl, and Doves are the common birds spotted in this sanctuary created by the dam. Crocodiles also breed in the reservoir and the Kinnerasani Island. The Singareni Collieries management has constructed a Glass Rest House here that can be booked by tourists. Tourists can reach the dam by road from Hyderabad (288 km), Khammam (95 kms) and Vijyawada (165 kms). Kothagudem is the nearest railway station.
HOW TO REACH : The dam is located at a distance of 24 kms from Kothagudem and 12 Kms from Palvancha town and is accessible by road.
Kusumanchi is a sub division located in Khammam district, Telangana, India. Kusumanchi town is located on the way from Khammam and Suryapet. Kusumanchi is home to Sri Ganapeshwaralayam and Mukkanteswaralayam, the two Siva temples built by the Kakatiya rulers during 12th and 13th centuries.
The temples stand as testimony to the architectural skills of the Kakatiya kings. The historical shrines have a striking resemblance to famous Ghanpur and Ramappa temples of Kakatiya period in the Warangal district. Ganapeshwaralayam attracts devotees from Warangal, Nalgonda and other neighboring districts during Sivaratri festival each year. Devotees throng the temple during Sravanamasam and other auspicious occasions especially during the Sivaratri jatara. The government is working towards renovating the Ganapeshwaralayam and Mukkanteshwaralayam in consultation Department of Archaeology.
HOW TO REACH : Kusumanchi is situated on Khammam – Suryapet Road. Khammam is nearly 25 km away, while Suryapet is at a distance of nearly 39 km. Khammam is the nearest railway station.
Nelakondapalli is a town and a mandal headquarters in Khammam district, Telangana, India, located at a distance of 21 km from Khammam. Nelakondapalli is a historic site, which includes a mud fortification wall that covers 100 acres. Excavations by archaeologists have unearthed the foundations of viharas, cisterns, wells, one Mahastupa, terracotta idols, a bronze idol of Lord Buddha and a miniature stupa carved in limestone, and other historic materials from third and fourth centuries. Archaeological sites of historical importance dating back to the days of Mahabharata such as Virataraju Dibba and Keechaka Gundam are located within one and a half kilometer from Nelakondapalli. The relics, which were found at this place, strengthen the belief that it was a prominent place right from ancient times.
Nelakondapalli also has ancient temples like three Shiva temples as well as two Vaishnava temples. The Dusshera festival celebrations in Nelakondapalli attract devotees from other places. Nelakondapalli is also the birthplace of Kancharla Gopanna, popularly called Bhakta Ramadas. Bhakta Ramadas Memorial Building was constructed here at Sri Bhaktha Ramadasu’s birth place in 1955, which is now called Bhakta Ramadasu Dhyana Mandiram is run by Sri Seeteramachandra Swamy Devastanam, Bhadrachalam from 1983. Sri Ramanavami is celebrated with pomp and gaiety at Bhaktaramadas Dhyana Mandiram with arrangements made by Bhadrachalam Sri Rama temple and the local devotees. Annually, Sri Bhaktha Ramadas memorial festival is organised between 28th April and 2nd May. Nelakondapalli is located at a busy junction on the way from Khammam to Kodad and Kusumanchi. Tourists can use buses and cars from Nelakondapalli to nearby historical sites like Bodulabanda, Anantanagar, Aregudem and Kattukachavaram.
HOW TO REACH : Nelakondapalli can be reached by road from Khammam, which is nearly 20 km away. Khammam is connected to Hyderabad, the capital city of Telangana, located at a distance of approximately 195 km, through road and rail transport.
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