The official language of the Republic of India is Hindi. And that English could be also used for official purposes. The individual states can legislate their own official languages, depending on their linguistic demographics. For example, the state of Karnataka has Kannada as its sole official language, while the state of Jammu and Kashmir has Kashmiri, Urdu and Dogri as its official languages.

The following table lists the languages spoken in various state:

Language  

   

Geographical distribution  

Assamese/Axomiya

   

Assam

Bengali

   

West Bengal, Assam, Jharkhand, Tripura (list)

Bodo

   

Assam

Dogri

   

Jammu and Kashmir

Gujarati

   

Gujarat, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu (list)

Hindi

   

the “Hindi belt“, Northern India

Kannada

   

Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Goa (list)

Kashmiri

   

Jammu and Kashmir

Konkani

   

Konkan (Goa, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Kerala)

Maithili

   

Bihar

Malayalam

   

Kerala, Lakshadweep, Mahé, Puducherry

Manipuri (also Meitei or Meithei)

   

Manipur

Marathi

   

Maharashtra, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Goa (list)

Nepali

   

Sikkim, West Bengal, Assam

Oriya

   

Orissa

Punjabi

   

Punjab, Chandigarh, Delhi, Haryana

Sanskrit

   

Mattur

Santali

   

Santal tribals of the Chota Nagpur Plateau (comprising the states of Bihar, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, Orissa)

Sindhi

   

Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh (list

Tamil

   

Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Pondicherry, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra (list)

Telugu

   

Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Orissa (list)

Urdu

   

Jammu and Kashmir, Andhra Pradesh, Delhi, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh

 

Hindi is an official language of the states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana and the National Capital, the Territory of Delhi. Bengali is the official language of West Bengal, Tripura and certain other parts of the North-east. Marathi is the official language of Maharashtra. Punjabi is the official language of Punjab, Himachal Pradesh,Haryana, and the National Capital, the Territory of Delhi. Gujarati is the official language of Gujarat. Tamil is the official language of Tamil Nadu, Puducherry and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Malayalam is the official language of Kerala and Lakshadweep. Kannada is the official language of Karnataka. Telugu is the official language of Andhra Pradesh. Oriya is the official language of Orissa;Oriya is spoken also in parts of West Bengal, Chattishgarh and Jharakhand. Assamese is the official language of Assam; it is spoken widely in many of the seven northeastern states. English is the co-official language of the Indian Union, and each of the several states mentioned above may also have another co-official language.

 

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