Fatehpur Sikri is a city in the Agra district. This city is also called the fort city of the desert. The complex was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1986. The city is built according to Mughal architecture, with a combination of Indian, Persian, and Islamic architecture. The city is the first planned city to be built by the Mughals. The city is built using locally rocked red sandstone, also known as Sikri sandstone.
The city was founded in 1571 by Emperor Akbar. The city was established as the capital of the Mughal Empire. After Akbar’s conquest of Gujarat in 1573, the city came to be known as Fatehpur Sikri, also known as the “City of Victory“.The city is a wonderful creation of the Mughal Empire. The city was built in honor of the Sufi saint Sheikh Salim Chisti. Fatehpur Sikri is an excellent example of the height of Mughal architecture.
Visiting place in Fatehpur Sikri
Buland Darwaza was built by the Mughal emperor in 1602 A.D. Built in This is the symbol of his victory against Gujarat. The lofty gate is also called the “Door of victory“.The Buland Darwaza is the highest entrance in the world. A Persian inscription on the eastern archway of Buland Darwaza records Akbar’s conquest of Uttar Pradesh and his conquest of Gujarat in 1573. The loft door is made of red and buff sandstone, decorated with white and black marble. It took about 12 years to build this magnificent gateway.
The Jama Masjid is also known as the “Friday Mosque“.The Jama Masjid is considered to be one of the largest mosques in India. The mosque was built in the 17th century. It is about 540 feet long. Some of the mosque’s structures feature beautiful Iranian architecture. The mosque was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1986. The tomb of Seth Salim Chishti is located in the courtyard. This tomb is known for its delicate carvings.
The palace was built by Akbar for his beloved wife Jodha Bai who was a Rajput princess. Jodha Bai was the sister of Man Singh, the powerful ruler of Jaipur. The structure of this palace is found in Hindu and Muslim architecture. The palace is also known as Miriam Uz Zamani Palace. This spacious palace was assured of privacy and security by high walls and a 9 meter guarded gate to the east.
Tomb of Salim Chishti
The tomb of Salim Chishti is famous as one of the finest examples of Mughal architecture in India. The tomb of Sufi saint Salim Chisti was built by Emperor Akbar in 1572-81. Sufi saint Salim Chisti died in 1572. The tomb is built on an elevated platform, with a five-step flight leading to the portico. The main tomb building is surrounded by delicate marble screens.
Diwan-e-Am is a place of no hall for the public audience. From this place, Akbar was addressing the public. The Diwan-e-Am was built by the Mughal Emperor Akbar between 1570 and 1580 AD.