Nagaur is located in the north western Marwar region of Rajasthan. It is an area with a forest belt of thorn scrubs that circles the Thar Desert. It’s surrounded by Churu District in the north, Bikaner District from the northwest andSikar District in the northeast. Pali lies in the south and Jodhpur District to the southwest and west. Jaipur is located on its east, while Ajmer is in the southeast. In the south eastern stretch of this district lies the magnificent Aravalli Range while India’s largest salt lake, ‘Sambhar Lake’ lies at the southwestern corner of the district.
This city was known as Jangladesh in Mahabharata era. Its fort stands testament to the great battles and rulers who fought them. This town was granted to Raja Amar Singh Rathore by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. Nagas, Chauhans, Rathores, Mughals and even the British laid claim on this city. The dargah of Sufi saint Hamiduddin Chisti Faruqui Nagauri, one of the chief disciples of Khwaja Moinuddin, is also located here. Nagaur is also the birthplace of Saint Poetess Meera Bai and Abul Fazal.
Attractions & Places to Visit and Explore in Nagaur
It is said that Nagaur fort was initially built by ruler of Nag dynasty in 2nd century and was then rebuilt in the early 12th century. This fort has witnessed several battles and has also been altered multiple times. Being one of the first Mughal strongholds in North-India it is an outstanding example of Rajput-Mughal architecture. In 2007, the fort underwent major renovations and is now replete with fountains and gardens. It also serves at the stage for a Sufi music festival.
Ladnun is an important centre of Jainism and is considered to be the spiritual hub of Ahimsa or compassion. Its temples were built in the 10th century and have a rich history. It also houses Jain Vishva Bharti University – a well-known centre of Jainism, spirituality and purification. It is said that the world famous rastra saint, Acharya Shri Tulsi belonged to Ladnun.
It is said that the Nagaur fort was initially built by the ruler of the Nag dynasty in 2nd century, and this 500 year old fort, located on the eastern edge of the Thar Desert was built in about 1523. Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb used to stay at this fort. Black deer roam in herds around this fort. The fort has now been furnished with modern facilities and turned into a heritage hotel.
Kuchaman city has many sights to offer. The most important is Kuchaman Fort, one of the oldest and most inaccessible fort of Rajasthan situated on top of a straight hill. It possess unique water harvesting system, a beautiful palace and stunning wall paintings. The rulers of Jodhpur used to mint their gold and silver currency here. It offers a beautiful view of the town and the salt lake. One can also see the old temple, stepwells and beautiful havelis in the town from here too.
Khatu consists of two villages called Bari Khatu and Chhoti Khatu. Chhoti Khatu has a small fort on its hillock that was built by Prithviraj Chauhan. It also houses an old step-well called Phool Bawadi which is believed to have been built during the Gujara Pratihara period. It is a marvel of artistic architecture.
Jhorda is situated about 30 km north of Nagaur. It is known for being the birthplace of the the poet Kandan Kalpit and the Great Saint Baba Hariram. An annual fair is held in the month of Bhadrapad Chaturthy & Panchmi where about 3 lakh people come from Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab and Delhi to participate.
How to Reach Here
By air: The closest airport is Jodhpur Airport which is 137 kms away.
By road: Buses are available from Jodhpur, Jaipur and Bikaner to Nagaur.
By rail: Nagaur is connected via rail from Indore, Mumbai, Coimbatore, Surat, Bikaner, Jodhpur, Jaipur, etc.
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