The Orang National Park is situated on the north bank of the Brahmaputra River in the Darrang and Sonitpur districts of the state of Assam, covers an area of 78.81 square kilometres. The forest was declared a Wildlife Sanctuary in 1985 after it was declared as a National Park in 1999. One of Assam’s oldest, yet least known Protected Areas, Orang is largely swampy with thick grasslands and an important breeding ground for varieties of Fishes. Orang National Park is known for its population of Rhino and Tiger. The park has a rich flora and fauna, including great Indian one-horned rhinoceros, pigmy hog, elephants, wild buffalo and tigers. The actual population had come down due to poaching in the past, in recent time there has again been an increase in the Rhino numbers. The other main animal species in the park include Asiatic elephant, hog deer, wild boar. Small mammals like civets, leopards, hare and porcupines are also in substantial number. The river is also home to the rare Ganges Dolphin. It is also known as the mini Kaziranga National Park.
Orang will almost pleasantly surprise you with its rich variety of animals, birds and fishes and a similar abundance in flora. The national park is surrounded by the Brahmaputra River on the north. Many (believed to be) man-made water bodies can be found inside the park which are thought of as remains of the old tribe that left ages ago. Nevertheless, the park now boasts of a beautiful landscape that attracts tourists from all over.
Climate of Park :
Orang National Park experiences subject to subtropical monsoon climate with rainfall precipitation occurring mostly during the months of May to September. During winter months of October to March Temperature in varies from 5-25º Celsius. And in summer months of May and June, the variation is 20–28 °C.
Wildlife & Vegetation :
In Assam, the wildlife you get to witness is nothing short of mesmerizing. The giant elephants to the one horned rhinos and plenty of avian species found in the state, keep animal and nature lovers hooked. Orang National Park is famous for the astounding collection of water birds, creating a stunning scenario where you can see them swiftly floating across the stagnant water with yet a bunch of ripples befriending them. There are more than 200+ bird species including local and migratory. There are 6 national parks in Assam, but Orang has its own role in wildlife conservation. Among reptiles, seven species of turtle and tortoise are found, out of which turtle varieties such as Lissemys, punctata, Kachuga tecta are common.
The park has a very dense population of tiger, The population of the Great Indian One Horned Rhino was estimated 97 in 1993, second highest. However, due to unbated poaching during 1994-1998 the number of rhino has gone down to less than 50 in 2000. The park also has estimated 45-60 Bengal Florican. which is the dominant species of the national park. The pygmy hog, a small wild pig, is critically endangered, C2a(ii) ver 3.1 as per IUCN listing, and is limited to about 75 animals in captivity, confined to a very few locations in and around north-western Assam, including the Orang National Park where it has been introduced. he great Indian one-horned rhinoceros even though well conserved now in many national parks and in captivity, is still in the endangered list of IUCN and its population is estimated at 68, as per census carried out by the forest department, in 2006. 222 species of Birds have so far been recorded, some of which are Spot Billed Pelican, White Pelican, Greater Adjutant Stork, Lesser Adjutant Stork, Brahminy Duck, Pintail Duck, Bengal Florican etc. More than 50 species of fish have been recorded in the river and channels flowing through the park. Among reptiles, turtles like Lissemys punctata, Kachuga tecta, and among snakes pythons and cobras are known to frequent these in this area.
The Orang National park is the home to a wide variety of flora like rich vegetation of forests, natural forest, non-aquatic grass/plants. The floral wealth of the park is very significant. The forest species found are Bombax ceiba, Dalbergia sissoo, Sterculia villosa, Trewia nudiflora,Zizyphus jujuba and Litsaea polyantha. Among the non aquatic grassland species the prominent are Phragmites karka, Arundo donax, Imperata cylindrical, Saccarum spp. etc. The aquatic grassplants species are Andropogon spp., Ipomea reptans, Enhydra flushians, Nymphia spp., Wichornia spp. etc.
Best Time To Visit Park :
October to April is the best season to visit the park. The park is subject to subtropical monsoon climate with rainfall precipitation. Visiting is restricted to 7:30-9:30 am and 2:00-3:00 pm, the park gate remains closed in between.
How To Reach :
By Air : The nearest Airport Salonibari (Tezpur) is 80 kms. and the LGBI Guwahati Airport is 150 kms. which are well connected to Orang national park by Road.
By rail : The nearest railhead is Saloni (41km) & Rangapara. Both Tezpur and Guwahati are well connected to all major city of India.
By Road : Orang national park is well connected to all major city of Assam. There are a number of government and privately operated vehicles
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