Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the most scenic places in the Western Ghats and a biodiversity hotspot is a 391 square kilometers (151.0 sq mi) protected area in Chittur taluk in Palakkad district of Kerala state, South India. It is one of the biodiversity hotspots in the world supports diverse habitat types and endemism. The wildlife sanctuary, which had an area of 285 square kilometers (110 sq mi) was established in 1973. Previously it was known as Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary and it became the 38th Tiger Reserve and second of Kerala in 2010 February 19. This sanctuary is under the consideration of UNESCO to be declared as the World Heritage Site.
Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary is in the Sungam range of hills between the Anaimalai Hills and Nelliampathy Hills, is the home of four different tribes of indigenous peoples including the Kadar, Malasar, Muduvar and Mala Malasar settled in six colonies. The thick, opulent habitat of the sanctuary with ample water supplies make it an abode for wildlife and thereby for tourist who can have treasured memories of animal sightings and that of being in the lap of mother nature. Parambikulam Tiger Reserve is the most protected ecological piece of Annamalai subunit of Western Ghats, surrounded on all sides by protected areas and sanctuaries of Kerala and Tamil Nadu, the sanctuary is endowed with a peninsular flora and fauna which are excellently conserved due to a total protection and minimal human interferences.
The sanctuary is located between Longitude:76° 35’- 76° 50’ E, and Latitude:10° 20’ – 10° 26’ N. It is 135 kilometers (84 mi) from Palakkad town and adjacent to the Annamalai Wildlife Sanctuary to the east in Tamil Nadu. Much of the sanctuary is part of Anamalai hills with peaks up to 1,438m (Karimala Gopuram) in the southern boundary of the sanctuary, 1,120m (Vengoli malai) in the eastern boundary, 1,010m (Puliyarapadam) in the west and 1,290m (Pandaravarai peak) in the north. The sanctuary has three man-made reservoirs; Parambikulam, Thunacadavu (Thunakkadavu) and Peruvaripallam, with a combined area of 20.66 km. The Thuvaiar water falls empty into one of the reservoirs. There are 7 major valleys and 3 major rivers, the Parambikulam, the Sholayar and the Thekkedy. The Karappara river and Kuriarkutty river also drain the area.
Flora and Fauna:
ctuaries are home to 32-36 tigers. About 39 species of mammals, 16 species of amphibians, 61 species of reptiles, 47 species of fish, over 1000 species of insects and 124 species of butterflies have been reported from the region. The presence of 250 species of birds offers fantastic bird watching opportunities. It is also home to 39 species of mammals, 16 species of amphibians, 268 species of birds, 61 species of reptiles, 47 species of fishes, 1049 species of insects and 124 species of butterflies making it the perfect destination for wildlife and nature enthusiasts.
The sanctuary has a variety of trees mainly teak, neem, sandalwood, and rosewood. Even the oldest ever teak tree, Kannimara Teak exists here. It is about 450 years old and has a girth of 6.8 meters (22 ft) and a height of 49.5 meters (162 ft). It won the Mahavriksha Puraskar given by the Indian Government.
The challenging hill ranges here are placed at an altitude of 300 to 1438 m above sea level and the place offers a good climate with temperatures ranging from 15 degree Celsius to 32 degree Celsius. The Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary gets the monsoon rains. The average annual rainfall is 1600 mm. The place receives rainfall in the months of January, February, March and April. From November to April is a most preferred time for visiting this place.
How To Reach:
By Air: The nearest Airport is Coimbatore international airport (110km), which is well connected to all major city of India.
By Rail: The nearest railway station is Coimbatore railway station (96 km), which is well connected to all major city of India.
By Road: The nearest town is Pollachi (47 km), Two daily buses connect the tiger reserve to Pollachi.
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