Sikkim, the small but beautiful kingdom is situated in the eastern Himalayas. Sikkim is termed as the Switzerland of the east, a heavenly paradise on earth. It covers an area of 2818 square miles 7325 square kilometers. It is rectangular in shape with seventy miles in the north to south and forty east to west.
Sikkim the land of peace and tranquility is an ideal destination for trekking. People living in hustle and bustle of city life, people with financial or mental stress can rejuvenate themselves while trekking. Higher in the mountain, silence prevail but with sound of bird chirp. Night sky is clear with constellation at a full glow. Silent ambience takes away all the grief.
Sikkim boasts of rich biodiversity and high mountain ranges. Mt. Khangchendzonga (8586 meters) the third highest peak in the world, and the guardian deity of Sikkimese people, lies along it western ramparts.
Variation in altitude ranging from 200 to 8586 meters (height of Khangchendzonga), provides an opportunity to visitors to experience crossing over from sub-tropical to temperate zones, followed by alpine and high-altitude areas in a short span of time.
Trekking in Sikkim has its own charm. Trails run though rich biodiversity and rich cultural life of Sikkimese people.
Summer: Max. 20.7 C/Min. 13.1 C
Winter Max: 14.9 C/Min. 7.7 C
Best Season Mid February: – late May / October – December
Most of the mountain areas in Sikkim have a fragile ecosystem. This demands any trekkers to obtain special permit to trek. Trekking in Sikkim is conducted in an organized manner. Individuals cannot trek on their own.
There are various trekking tours available which covers:
§ Kanchanjunga Trekking
§ Sikkim Dzongri Trek
§ Sikkim Singalila Trek
§ North Sikkim High Altitude
§ Sikkim Khanchendzonga
§ Darjeeling Singlila Trek
§ Darjeeling Sandakphu
§ Kanchanjunga Gochela
§ Tholung Valley Nature
Mountain Biking is another adventure that has been recently introduced in Sikkim. Most of the roads in Sikkim are negotiable by mountain bikes. This sport is definitely poised to become popular in Sikkim in the near future. This sport is being promoted in most parts of North Sikkim & West Sikkim.
Day 01: Arrive Bagdogra , drive to Darjeeling
The Sikkim Himalayas, the epitome of the world’s mountains, encompass a wonderland, which for sheer beauty and magnificence remains unbeaten elsewhere in the globe. In the southwestern part of Sikkim, in the main Himalayan range, lies the majestic Khangchendzonga or Kanchenjunga, rising to a staggering height of 8,585 m (28,169 ft) above sea level. Beside this third largest peaks, other famous mountaineering peaks in Sikkim include- Kabru, Kirat Chulior Tent Peak (7,365 m) and Sinolchu (6,887 m). Mountaineering expeditions, unlike trekking, require more planning and paperwork as clearance is required from the Indian Mountaineering Foundation, New Delhi. Besides these the local governments also impose royalties on certain peaks
White water rafting is a later entrant of adventure sport in Sikkim.Only the Teesta and Rangit rivers offer long stretches which are ideal for safe rafting. Teesta has been graded on the International scale at Grade 4. The icy cold waters of the rugged Teesta have a series of rapids with varying intensity and character. It offers one of the finest rafting stretches in the world. Rangit, a tributary of the Teesta, has more turbulent waters and offers a challenge to more experienced rafters.
On both the rivers, the riverbanks have deep forests, with some patches of terraced cultivation, and small villages. Plenty of white sandy beaches exist, offering good campsites. Rapids of classification 2 to 4 are interspersed with placid floats, making rafting an enjoyable experience. Facilities for overnight River beach camping is available. Beginners as well as experienced adventurers can seek the assistance of the Department of Tourism and travel agents for arranging river rafting trips.
Yak Safari is an unforgettable and unique experience organized in different areas of Sikkim. Popular trails are Dzongri area and Tsomgo lake. You will get to ride the yak in Tsomgo lake and in various trekking points like Dzongri in West Sikkim onwards
About Yak: Yaks are bovine mammal. It is ox like in build, withshort, thick legs, humped shoulders, large up curved horns, and a thick coat that hangs down to the ankles. Wild yaks were formerly found from Kashmir to West China, but were so extensively hunted for meat and hides that they now survive only in isolated highlands at elevations above 14,000 ft (4,300 m). They live in herds numbering from 10 to 100 animals, mostly females and young led by a few old bulls; males are mostly solitary.
Yaks have been domesticated for centuries, and the domestic form has been introduced into other parts of central Asia. The wild yak may attain a shoulder height of 65 in. (165 cm) and have horns 3 ft (90 cm) long; its coat is dark brown. The domesticated yak is smaller, with short horns; its coat, which may be long enough to reach the ground, may be black, brown, reddish, piebald, or albino. Yaks can live on vegetation so sparse that it cannot support other domesticated animals. The domestic yak is a source of milk, butter, meat, hair (for cloth), and leather and is also much used as a beast of burden.