Modhera town is located in the Mehsana district. The Sun Temple is dedicated to the Surya Dev who is considered to be the god of solar accordingly Hindu religion. It is located in Gujarat on the banks of the river Pushpavati.
Built after 1026-27 CE when Bhima I of the Chalukya dynasty ruled. No worship is performed here, so it is now protected by the Archaeological Survey of India.
The temple complex has three axially aligned elements including a suitable temple in one hall, an external or assembly hall, and a sacred reservoir.
Where the shrine proper means garbhagriha in a hall means gudhamandapa, assembly hall means rangamandapa and the sacred reservoir means holy Kunda.
The Gudha Mandapa dimension 51 feet 9 inches by 25 feet 8 inches. It is almost equally divided into the hall (Gudhamandapa), and the shrine proper(Garbhgriha).
The sanctum sanctorum is designed in such a way that the first rays of the rising sun illuminate the idol of the sun. On a summer solstice day, at noon the sun shines directly over the temple and there was no shadow.
The panel on the shrine is decorated with the sun in a way that the temple appears to be dedicated to the sun. These images wear exotic West Asian belts and boots. Other corners and special places are adorned with figures of various forms of Shiva and Vishnu, Brahma, Naga, and deities.
In front of the sabha mandapa was the Kirti-toran, the victorious arch. The pediment and Torana no longer exist but there are still two pillars left.
This reservoir is known as Ramkund or Suryakund. There are steps to go from Kirti Toran to the reservoir. It measures 120 feet from east to west and 176 feet from north to south and It is rectangular. to reach the bottom of the reservoir there are four terraces and recessed steps below.
To the west of Kunda, the stepwell has an entrance and two porch-towers. The door square, which dates back to the 11th century, is decorated with lotus and leaves and is a delicate type of pilaster. A small porch dating back to the 10th century is above ground level and is located on the second Kuta of Stepwell.
Modhera Dance festival
In the third week of January, there is a three-day dance festival called Uttarardha Mahotsav. The aim is to present the classical dance forms in the same environment in which they were originally presented.