Tezpur in Assam is situated on the banks of river Brahmaputra, in Sonitpur district is a city and Urban Agglomeration and the administrative headquarters and municipal board of district. Tezpur has great contributions in art, culture and literature, in the history of Assam so its considered to be the “Cultural Capital of Assam”. It is a city steeped in mythology and folklore. As they say, it is a place where stones tell stories while valleys sing along. The pleasant town of Tezpur lies amid tea gardens and military cantonments on the north bank of the Brahmaputra. It has undulated green valleys surrounded by the hills of Arunachal Pradesh, snow capped peaks of Himalayas, lush green tea gardens and magnificent archaeological ruins. Ruins dating back to 4th century are found in this town, which is Assam’s oldest inhabited city. Tezpur, the fifth largest city of the state of Assam.
The population of Tezpur is largely heterogeneous. You’ll mostly witness a good strength of Assamese, Bengali, Nepali, Bihari, and Marwari communities. Tezpur is also known as the Most Clean City of Assam because of its clean and green view. Tezpur attracts every visitor who comes here with its beautiful parks, hillocks, sceneries and well established hotels.
Tezpur name of the place originated from the Sanskrit words ‘Teza’ that means blood and ‘Pura’ that means town or city. According to legend, the original name of the city was Sonitpur. Modern Tezpur was founded by the British colonial administration in 1835 as the headquarters of Darrang district. During World War II, Tezpur received large numbers of refugees fleeing from Burma, particularly the corps of Anglo-Burmese and Anglo-Indiannurses. After independence of India in 1947, it remained the headquarters of Darrang district. Gradually it became an important centre of trade and commerce, used as a river port for the surrounding tea gardens and other colonial commercial ventures in the hinterland. The first electric power station in this part of India was established at Tezpur by the British in 1913. Tezpur is considered to be the cultural capital of Assamese culture. Being from the core Assamese cultural region, several notables including Dr. Bhupen Hazarika, Jyoti Prasad Agarwala (1903–51), Kalaguru Bishnu Prasad Rabha (1909–69), and Phani Sarma (1909–70), were from Tezpur.
Culture and People :
It is a city steeped in mythology and folklore. Tezpur is considered to be the cultural capital of Assamese culture. Being from the core Assamese cultural region, several notables including Dr. Bhupen Hazarika, Jyoti Prasad Agarwala (1903–51), Kalaguru Bishnu Prasad Rabha (1909–69), and Phani Sarma (1909–70), were from Tezpur. people from tribes like the tea-tribes (brought in by the colonial planters as indentured labourers from the Chhotanagpur plateau region), Bodos, and Mishings. Assamese dance form, Bihu, during the festival time. In this folk dance, men and women dance together while clearly establishing their distinct gender roles through their steps, formation and expressions. The majority of the people in the urban areas are of Hindu faith although a small number of Jains Sikhs and Muslim are also found.In the rural areas the people adhere to a reformed form of Hinduism known as neo-vaishnavite movement founded in 1500’s by the great Assamese reformer Srimanta Sankardeva. The Assamese women of this region prefer wearing a two piece traditional garment called mekhla. Assamese men generally wear their traditional dress, dhoti-gamosa.
Tourist Attraction :
Agnigarh is among the main tourist destinations of the city which is also a favourite picnic spot to visit. The place where the legendary romance of Princess Usha and Anirudha blossomed. As it was surrounded by fire on all sides, it was named Agnigarh. The structural remains here belong to the 9th and 10th century, representing the Gupta period art. There is a very famous legendary story behind this place. Agnigarh provides a panoramic view of the great river and Tezpur. Recently Agnigarh has been developed as a beautiful park by district administration. The place is indeed a wonderful place to visit and offers a lot to the tourists.
Bamuni Hills :
The ruins of Bamuni Hills are the most famous. They resemble Gupta period art. Accordingly, there are plenty of myths as well. The structural remains present here date back to the 9th and 10th century and attract historians and art lovers from all over the world. The stone carvings depicted on the walls of Bamuni Hills are fine specimen of architectural brilliance of the ancient age. A group of seven shrines is located here and figures of ten incarnations of Lord Vishnu depicted in the bracket lintel hat is cross-shaped. Bhairabi temple and Mahabhairab temple and twin tanks of Bar Pukhuri and Padum Pukhuri are the other architectural attractions of Tezpur.
Padum Pukhuri :
Padum Pukhuri is a well-known lake, with an island situated inside is refers to lotus pond and it is a scenic lake. The island has been developed into a beautiful park with a musical fountain and it is connected with the mainland by means of an iron bridge. The main attractions of the park is the toy train, water sports, with the rowing and paddling.
Nameri National Park :
Around 35 km from the city of Tezpur, at the foothills of the eastern Himalayas, Near the Jia Bhoroli river, the Nameri National Park sprawls over from Assam to Aruachal Pradesh. Nameri National Park is spread in an area of 200 sq park opens the door to view some of the rarest species of plants and animals. it is considered to be one of the richest as well as the most threatened reservoirs of the plant and the animal kingdom. The park is home to the mithun or Indian bison and the rare white winged wood duck, among the most endangered avian species in the world. Some of the rare Himalayan plant varieties are seen here. Around 600 species of plant life can be found in the tropical evergreen, semi- evergreen, and moist deciduous forests of Assam. Yet another attractive feature of the park is that you could go swimming, river rafting and sunbathing here.
Bura-Chapori Wildlife Sanctuary :
Situated 30 kms from Tezpur city on the southern banks of Brahmaputra River. Bura-Chapori Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the most frequented tourist destinations. Covering an area of 44.06 sq.km with rich flora and fauna and serves as a home to Bengal florican bird species and other animal species of the wildlife present here includes tiger, wild buffalo, wild pig, one horned rhino and elephants. The wildlife safari tour lets you have an in depth study of the sanctuary’s best features.
Cole Park :
It is, undoubtedly, one of the most beautiful places in Tezpur. Established by Mr. Cole, a Commissioner of Assam under British rule. It was later renovated by Mr. M.G.V.K. Bhanu, the deputy Commissioner of Tezpur, in 1996. The scenic park is set in a stunning landscape with many hillocks and lakes adding beauty to the atmosphere. The park is the perfect place for the peace lovers. It has water sports facility, walk ways, restaurant and open air stage. Recently renamed as Chitralekha Udyan, Cole Park has a small water body as well, where rowing, paddle boats and such other water sports are allowed. From April to September, the park also contains bumper cars and water slides. The important attractions of the park include two huge decorated stone pillars and sculptural ruins of Bamuni hills belonging to the 9th and 10th centuries. The walkway in the path encourages you to have a relaxed walk in the serene atmosphere.
The ruins of the door frame of the De Parbatia temple, a few kilometres away from Tezpur, is stands proof of the architectural excellence of the ancient Assam. Except for its finely carved doorframe depicting Ganga and Yamuna, this is said to be the oldest specimen of religious art is Assam. Its carving is characteristic of the style of the early Gupta school of sculpture. The site is now protected by the Archaeological Survey of India.
Mahabhairab Temple :
Mahabhairab Temple, located in the northern part of Tezpur over a small hilltop, is considered as a significant landmark of the city contributes a lot to the magnetic charm and beauty of the place. The temple was built between the 8th and 10th centuries and established by king Bana contributes to Tezpur’s glory and magnetic charm. This temple is mainly dedicated to Lord Shiva and has one of the largest Shiva lingams in the world. The place has now become a very important pilgrimage spot of Assam and attracts thousands of devotees every year. The most important festival observed at Mahabhairab temple is Shivratri that is celebrated here with pomp and show.
Best Time To Visit :
It is one of the very few destinations in India which you can visit any time of the year without any worries. Tezpur receives moderate to heavy rainfall during rainy season in the months of June to September. In Summer The average temperature during this time of the year is usually 18oC to 36oC. mercury reading during winter time is around 7oC to 22oC.
How To Reach :
Tezpur is connected to the rest of the country by road, rail and air :
By Air : Nearest airport is the Saloni (10 km)Airport, It is well connected to kolkata, Jorhat and Guwahati. From the airport, cabs and buses are available to take the passengers to the centre of the city.
By Rail : It has its own Railway Station which is well connected to all major city of Assam.
By Road : The most convenient and preferred way of commuting to Tezpur is by roadways. Frequent bus services are available to and from the city and this include both the state run and the private bus services.
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