Patna is considered to be the oldest city in the world. The city of Patna is the capital of the state of Bihar. The city is the gateway to Hindus, Buddhists, Sikhs, and Jains, so it is considered very sacred. The city of Patna dominates the history of Patna against the backdrop of a glorious historical past. The Patna urban agglomeration is the 18th largest in India. Ancient Patna was known as Pataliputra. Pataliputra was a place of education and fine arts. There were many astronomers and scholars including Aryabhata, Vatsyayan, and Chanakya.
The ancient city of Patan was the capital of the Mauryan, Shunga, and Gupta dynasties. The city of Patna was founded by the King of Magadha in 490 BCE. Patna served as the seat of power, political and cultural center of the Indian subcontinent during the Mauryan and Gupta Empires. It was revived by the British in the 17th century as a center of international trade. After the partition of Bengal in 1912, Patna became the capital of the Bihar and Orissa provinces.
Visiting place in Patna
The Roundhouse was built in 1786 by Captain John Garstin to serve as a stock house. Growing in the middle of a lush green garden, the stupa-shaped structure of the roundhouse attracts visitors. The top of the Golghar presents a wonderful panoramic view of the city and the Ganges.
The grain was part of a general plan “for permanent relief of famine in these provinces”. To climb to the top of Golghar, there are 145 steps. So that anyone can go to the top of it.
The Patna Museum is locally known as the Jadu Ghar. The museum was established in 1917. Founded in Patna on 3 April 1917 during the British rule to keep the historical arts established. The most illuminated attractions of the place are the sacred relic casket with the sacred ashes of Lord Buddha and the beautiful statue, Yakshani. Another valuable asset of the museum is a rare collection of paintings from the British period, depicting the daily life of the Indians of the era which attracts the tourists who come there.
Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan
Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park is located near Belly Road in Patna. Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park was established in 1969. The park was opened to the public in 1973 as a zoo. The park is a popular picnic spot. People come here with their families for a day trip. The Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park is also known to the locals as the Patna Zoo.
Takht Sri Patna Sahib
Takht Shri Patna Sahib is also known as Harmandir Sahib. This Gurudwara was built by Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the first Maharaja of the Sikh Empire. The present temple of Takht Sri Harmandirji Sahib was built in 1950. Guru Gobind Singh was born on December 22, 1666, in Patna and is considered to be the 10th Guru of Sikhism. The Gurdwara is located on the banks of the holy river Ganga.
The Patan Devi temple is dedicated to Patneshwari. This temple is considered to be the oldest and one of the holiest temples in Patna. This temple is considered to be one of the sacred 51 Shakti Peeths of India. According to legend, the ‘right thigh’ of Goddess Sati’s corpse fell here when Lord Vishnu cut it off with his ‘Sudarshan Chakra’. This temple is also called the ancient temple Kari Patneshwari.In Pateshwari is considered to be the abode of Goddess Durga.