Jaisalmer is also known as The Golden City. The city stands on a strip of yellowish sandstone so it is called the Golden City. Jaisalmer was once the capital of Jaisalmer State. Jaisalmer is close to the border with Pakistan and near the Thar Desert. One of the forts in Jaisalmer is called the Golden Fort. It is the largest district of Rajasthan. Jaisalmer conjures up images of an Arabian Nights fable. In Jaisalmer, the Rann Mahotsav is celebrated every year.
In Rann Mahotsav, the culture and art of the place are displayed. Gears and fire dancers are the main attraction of the Jaisalmer Desert Festival celebrations. The festival features Rajasthani folk songs and dances and is very attractive to foreign tourists. Camel races, turban tying, and Mr. Ranni’s competitions are organized.
History of Jaisalmer
Jaisalmer was founded in the 12th century. Jaisalmer was established by Raja Rawal Jaisal. Jaisalmer was ruled by the Bhatti Rajputs. In 1156, Rawal Jaisal built his new capital in the form of a mud fort and named it Jaisalmer after himself. Rawal Jaisal the eldest son of the Rawal of Deoraj was passed over in favor of a younger half-brother for the throne of Laudrava.
Most popular visiting place in Jaisalmer
The fort is located in the Thar Desert. This fort is also known as Golden Fort. The fort was built in 1156. The fort was named after its former Bhatti king Raval Jaisal. This is not just a fort, it is a small village with houses, temples, and hotels. A UNESCO World Heritage Site, it falls under the category of ‘Hill Forts of India‘.Jaisalmer Fort is also considered to be the largest fort in the world. The architectural design of the fort is intricately carved with windows, doors, and walls. Located on Trikuta Hill and overlooking the city of Jaisalmer.
Patwon ki Haveli
Patwon ki haveli is also known as a Mansion of Brocade Merchants. It is a famous tourist place in Jaisalmer. The mansion was built in the 19th century by a wealthy merchant. The locals also refer to this mansion as Kothari’s Patwa Haveli. It is one of three Havelis that are deemed Imperial in the city. The building comes under the Archaeological Survey of India and is known as a famous architectural as well as a historical site. The haveli is dipped in an enchanting shade of gold and instantly draws your attention to the intricacy of its architecture.
Salim Singh ki Haveli
The mansion was built in 1815. This mansion is also known as the Jahaz Mahal because the front of this mansion is like the stern of a ship. The Haveli is almost 300 years old adorning a beautifully arched roof in the shape of a peacock. It is one of the popular tourist attractions established over the remains of an older haveli in the late 19th century and commissioned by Salim Singh, the then prime minister of the Kingdom.
There are many temples of the Jain community in Jaisalmer. Jaisalmer has been enriched by the Jain community with temples dedicated to the 16th Tirthankar, Shantinath, and 23rd Tirthankar, Parshvanath of the Jain community. There are a total of seven Jain temples built inside the Jaisalmer fort during the 12th and 15th centuries. These Jain temples are built in the world-famous Dilwara style so it is also known as “Tirthankar”.
The Bada Bagh is a series of cenotaphs mainly among gardens. This is a garden complex located between Jaisalmer and Lodhruva. Bada Bagh is located on a high hill. This is a popular site because it is a garden that has the cenotaphs of all the Maharajas and other prestigious family members of Jaisalmer; all royal Rajputs kings of 6 centuries.