Bhagalpur is a historically important city located on the south bank of the river Ganga in Bihar. It is the headquarters of the Bhagalpur district and Bhagalpur division and the 3rd largest city of Bihar. It is known as the “Silk City“, it is a major educational, commercial, and political center, and a joint venture between government and industry, listed for development under the Smart City program. The Gangetic plains around the city are very fertile and the main crops include rice, wheat, maize, barley, and oilseeds. The Gangetic Dolphin is the national aquatic animal of India in the river, and the Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary is located near the city.
Vikramshila Setu is a bridge across the Ganges near Bhagalpur, which was founded by King Dharmapala and named after the ancient Mahavihara of Vikramshila. It is the 5th longest water bridge in India. The 4.7 km long two-lane bridge acts as a link between NH 31 and NH 33 running on opposite sides of the Ganges. It runs on the south bank of the Ganges from Barari Ghat on the Bhagalpur side to on the north bank, Naugachia. It also connects Bhagalpur with Purnia and Katihar. that has reduced road travel between Bhagalpur and places around the Ganges.
Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary
Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary is stretched over a span of 50 km of the river Ganges, and It’s located in the Bhagalpur district of Bihar, starting from Sultanganj to Kahalgaon. The sanctuary was established in 1991 to protect the endangered species of Gangetic dolphins, which were once found in abundance, but now only a few hundreds of them have survived.
On 5 October 2009, at the first meeting of the National Ganga River Basin Authority, the Gangetic dolphins were declared as the National Aquatic Animals of India. These Dolphins included in the Schedule-I of the Indian Wildlife Protection Act of 1972. and were classified under the IUCN Red List of 2006 as threatened and endangered species.
The sanctuary also has a variety of other aquatic and wild animals that fall under the endangered class like Indian otters, Gharial, freshwater turtles, etc.
Mandara Parvata is located 48 km south of Bhagalpur city in Bihar. Mandara is a granite hill about 500 feet tall, and according to a legend, Bhagalpur was the place where the Samudra Manthan took place. to get nectar, the gods and asuras churned the sea of milk using the temple mountain. It is said that the serpent king Vasuki offered to use himself as a rope to churn the sea of milk, and the imprint of the coil on Mandara hill also stands as proof of this story.
One Purana says that Lord Vishnu defeated the Madhu demon and placed it on the hill which is now known as Mandara.
Panchjanya, The conch shell, which started the battle of Mahabharata, is believed to have been obtained from Shankha Kund. Kalidasa in his epic Kumarasambhava mentions the footprints of Lord Vishnu on the Mandar mountain.