Varanasi is also known as Banaras. Varanasi is also called Kashi. Varanasi is a city located in Uttar Pradesh. The city is located on the banks of the river Ganga. Is a major religious site in India and, it is the holiest of the seven holy cities of Hinduism and Jainism. Varanasi is also considered to be the holiest place of Buddhism. Varanasi was the capital of the kingdom of Kashi during the time of the Buddha, who gave his first sermon nearby at Sarnath. Many other big names in the devotional movement were born in Varanasi, including Kabir and Ravidas.
According to Hindu mythology, dying at this place is considered the holiest. Burial in the river Ganga here can break the cycle of reincarnation and attain liberation. There are many ghats in this place. The two main ghats are Manikarnika Ghat and Harishchandra Ghat, where Hindus bury their dead.
Places To Visit In Varanasi
Kashi Vishwanath Temple
Kashi Vishwanath Temple is located on the banks of the river Ganga. This temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. This temple is considered to be one of the 12 Jyotirlingas. The city of Varanasi, the cultural capital of India, is thus known as the city of Lord Shiva. There is also a well present within the temple complex called Jnana Vapi or wisdom well where only Hindus are allowed to enter. Vishwanath means Lord of the Universe and as Varanasi was formerly known as Kashi, this temple is named Kashi Vishwanath.
Manikarnika Ghat is the holiest ghat on the banks of the river Ganga. Here is the holiest cemetery of Hindus. According to Hindu mythology, it is believed that the soul of a dead human being attains Moksha, and therefore breaks the cycle of rebirth when cremation is performed here. This ghat is considered as the gateway to the next life.
Bharat Mata Mandir
This temple is dedicated to Bharat Mata instead of any deity. Instead of the traditional idols of gods and goddesses in this temple, a huge map of undivided India is carved on marble in this temple. This temple is dedicated to Mother India and claims to be the only one in the world. The temple was built in 1936 and was inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi.
The fort was built by King Balwant Singh in 1750. The fort is designed according to Mughal style architecture. The fort is located on the eastern bank of the river Ganga in front of Tulsi Ghat. Inside the fort is a beautiful fragrant garden that leads to the palace.
Assi Ghat is located at the confluence of the river Ganga and the river Assi. It is famous for the large Shiva lingam installed under a peepal tree. Amazing view of sunset and sunrise at Ganga which attracts tourists. During festivals like Shivratri, the ghat is crowded with about 22,500 people at a time.