The name of the district is derived from its headquarters, Udalguri. The name of “Udalguri”, according to legend, owes its origin to the fact that there were large numbers of “Odal” trees in this region.
Udalguri district, with an area of 1852.16 km was formed on June 14, 2004 as one of the four districts under the Bodoland Territorial Council. This district was carved out by bifurcating Darrang district. Udalguri town is the largest town in the district, with an area of 4.69 sq.km.
This district is home to Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park, the oldest game reserve in Assam, Bornadi Wildlife Sanctuary and Bhairabkunda.
Rajiv Gandhi National Park, Orang
Orang, with an area of 78.80 sq. km., was declared a National Park (Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park) on 8th of April,1999. Before being declared as a National Park, Orang was a sanctuary (declared in 1985).
It is the oldest game reserve in Assam with its origin dating back to 13th of May 1915. Situated on the northern bank of the river Brahmaputra, it is also known as mini Kaziranga National Park due to the similarity in landscape and the presence of the Great Indian One Horned Rhinoceros. It is an important breeding ground for a wide variety of fish. The park is home to more than 50 species of fish.
Great Indian One Horned Rhinoceros is the dominant species in Orang National Park. Other species include Asian Elephant, Tiger Gangetic Dolphin, Chinese Pangolin, Spotted Deer, Porcupine, Indian Fox, Civet Cat, Jungle Cat, Otter, Rhesus Macaque, Mongoose etc.
Among reptiles, seven species of turtle & tortoise are found here. Common species of reptiles found here are Indian Rock Python, Black Krait, King Cobra, Cobra, Monitor Lizard etc.
222 species of Birds have so far been recorded, some of which are Spot Billed Pelican, White Pelican, Greater Adjutant Stork, Lesser Adjutant Stork, Brahminy Duck, Pintail Duck, Bengal Florican(second highest concentration) etc.
How to reach : The nearest Airport Salonibari (Tezpur) is 80 kms away. The National Park is located at a distance of 150 kms from Guwahati and 70 kms from Mangaldoi.
Bornadi Wildlife Sanctuary
Bornadi Wildlife sanctuary covers an area of 26.22 sq. kms. and is situated in the foothills of the Himalayas with Bhutan bordering it in the north. This sanctuary is named after the river Bornadi which flows through its western border.
The sanctuary was established in 1980 for the protection and conservation of Hispid Hare (caprolagus hispid) and Pigmy Hog (sus salvinous).
Mammals found here are Elephant, Gaur, Tiger, Leopard, Small Indian Civet, Jungle Cat, Chinese Pangolin, Porcupine, Himalayan Black Bear, Barking Deer, Pigmy Hog, Wild Pig and Hispid Hare.
Birds such as Peafowl, Hornbill, Swamp partridge, Bengal florican etc. are also found here.
How to reach : The nearest Airport LGBI, Guwahati is about 130 kms. away. The Sanctuary is located 70 kms. from Mangaldoi, about 120 kms. from Tezpur and 140 kms. from Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park.
Where to stay : Visitors may stay in Hotels at Guwahati and Circuit Houses at Mangaldoi and Udalguri
Located in the tri junction of Bhutan, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh, Bhairabkunda is a place of unique natural beauty. It is located at a distance of 22 km from the district headquarters of Udalguri town.
The Shive temple here is an important place of pilgrimage for the Hindus. Hundreds of pilgrims visit the place on ‘Makar Sankranti’ to bathe in the meeting point of three rivers Jia Dhansiri, Bhairavi and Daifam and offer prayers.