Warangal, also called Orugallu or Ekasila Nagaram in earlier times is the headquarters of Warangal district in Telangana. Warangal is at a distance of 145 km to the northeast of Hyderabad.

History

In historical times, Warangal was the capital of a Shaivaite kingdom that was ruled by the Kakatiya dynasty from 12th to the 14th centuries. Its old name was Orugallu where Oru means one and Kallu means stone. The entire city was reportedly carved in a single rock, hence the name Orukallu that means one rock.

The Kakatiyas built many monuments, impressive fortress, massive stone gateways, a temple dedicated to Shiva, and also the Ramappa temple. The cultural distinction of the Kakatiyas was penned by the famous traveler Marco Polo. Ganapathi Deva, Prathapa Rudra, and Rani Rudrama Devi were among the main rulers. It was occupied by Bahmani Sultanate followed by the takeover of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb and later in 1724, it had become part of Telangana region. Warangal is well connected by rail from Hyderabad, New Delhi, Vijayawada, Visakhapatnam and Chennai. The city represents a cluster of three towns such as Warangal, Kazipet and Hanamkonda. The city is famous for many attractions.

Thousand Pillar Temple

1000pillars The Thousand pillars temple which is located in Hanamkonda is one of the most important parts of the Warangal City. The temple was constructed in the 1163 AD by the great Rudra Deva. Every part of the temple depicts the typical Chalukya style of architecture. The Thousand Pillar temple has three presiding deities, Lord Vishnu, Shiva and Surya Deva. The temple stands as a statement of the finest of arts of the Kakatiyas.

Visiting the Thousand Pillar Temple is a must if you want to learn more about the richness of our country. Thousand Pillar Temple is a very popular pilgrimage center, in Warangal and thousands of devotees of all faiths come here to pay their homage and get a glimpse of this wonderful construction.

The temple has a star shaped architecture, which stands as a testimony to the expertise of the wonderful craftsmen of the glorious period. The amazing temple is supported by the pillars that are richly carved. You can find a huge monolith Nandi, made up of black basalt stone.

TEMPLE TIMINGS : All Days of the Week
5:00 AM – 9:00 PM

HOW TO REACH : Thousand Pillars temple is located in the heart of Warangal city and is easily accessible through road.

Bhadrakali Temple

bhadrakali India is blessed with deeply rooted culture and spirituality and there are eternal structures to narrate our glorious history. One such ancient construction that reveals our history is the Bhadrakali Temple in Warangal. The temple which is counted as one of the oldest temples of Indian History is dedicated to the worship the mother of goddesses, Kali Matha or Bhadrakali Ammavaru. Goddess Bhadrakali is a true example of the capability and strength of women. Surrounded by the lush greenery amidst the hilly region, the Bhadrakali Temple opens up to a picturesque setting on the banks of the Bhadrakali Lake. The serene surroundings of the temple work as an add-on and help the mind to relax and soothe the soul, while one gives away in obedience to the supreme power.

The history behind the temple dates back to 625AD. It is believed that the Chalukya King Pulekesi II after successfully bringing the Vengi region of Telangana under his dominion, constructed a magnificent temple dedicated to the mother goddess to celebrate his victory and also express his dedication and gratitude to goddess Bhadrakali for granting him his competence. We can see the style of the great Chalukya Dynasty in every bit of the temple, right from its architecture to the main deity, which displays the Ekanda Shila or single stone sculpture, which makes as the trademark style attributed to the Chalukyas. One can also observe the strong resemblance to the Kakatiya style of architecture in the temple, particularly the entrance gateways which are made of stone. One of the inner pillars of the temple has a Sanskrit inscription on it. That particular pillar is called the Antralaya stambam.

TEMPLE TIMINGS : All Days of the Week
5:30 AM – 1:00 PM
3:00 PM – 8:30 PM

HOW TO REACH : Bhadrakali temple is located 2-3 km from Warangal city and is easily accessible by road.

Warangal Fort

warangalfort Warangal is recognized as one of the best heritage cities of India. It is 145 km away from the state capital Hyderabad. It is also the second largest city in the state of Telangana. The city’s name is derived from the Telugu word Orugallu – ‘Oru’ which means one and the word ‘gallu’ meaning stone. The city was the capital of the great Kakatiya rulers who reigned between 12th and 14th centuries.

According to the history of Warangal, the Prola Raja of great Kakatiya dynasty built the beautiful city in 12th century. The Kakatiyas, who ruled the place for more than 200 years, have left the succeeding generations, many grand monuments and architectural wonders like the famous Warangal fort, Swayambhu Temple and many other amazing ancient structures. The Warangal Fort, which is the main attraction of the city is spread over a radius of 19 kilometers between Warangal and Hanamkonda. The fort was constructed in the 13th century in the reign of the Kakateya King Ganapati Deva. The Warangal fort is most famous for its graceful and finitely carved arches and pillars. This fort has four large stone gateways.

TEMPLE TIMINGS : All days of the week
10:00 am – 7:00 pm

HOW TO REACH : Warangal fort is located at a distance of 3-4 km from Warangal city, which is well connected by road and rail from Hyderabad, approx.140 km away.

Khush Mahal

kushmahal The symbol of a glorious past is the Khush Mahal, was a masterpiece built by Shitabh Khan and is located near the Warangal Fort.

Ramappa Temple

ramappatemple Warangal in the Deccan plateau is home to the very classic and brilliant Kakatiya art. The Ramalingeswara Temple which is popularly known as the Ramappa temple is one such amazing piece of art that stands as a testimony of the royal Kakatiyas. The temple got its name Ramappa because of its chief sculptor Ramappa. It’s probably the only temple in the country to be known by the name of its sculptor. The medieval Deccan Ramappa Temple which dates back to 1213 AD, was built by the patronage of the Kakatiya ruler Kakati Ganapathi Deva under the authority of his Chief Commander Rudra Samani at the place known as Ranakude in the Atukuru province. The Ramappa temple is the right destination for people who admire architectural brilliance and have a panoramic view of true scenic beauty. The temple is situated in Palampet village of the Venkatapur Mandal, in Mulug Taluq of Warangal.

The Ramappa temple has been referred as the brightest star in the network of medieval temples in the Deccan region. You can reach the temple via a royal garden, which is now reduced to a lawn with a path paved by trees. Another striking feature of this temple is that it is built with bricks that are so light that they can easily float on water. The temple which is situated in a valley took nearly 40 years to be completed. Elaborate carvings line the walls and also cover the pillars and ceilings of the temple.

The Ramappa temple finds its hold on a 6 feet high platform on a cruciform plan. The temple’s chamber is crowned with a shikharam and is surrounded by pradakshinapatha. At the entrance of the temple, we can find a Nandi mandapam. An imposing Nandi vigraham stands on it.

TEMPLE TIMINGS : All Days of the Week
Monday – Friday: 6.00 AM – 6.00 PM
Saturday: 6.00 AM – 6.00 PM
Sunday: 6.00 AM – 6.00 PM
Public Holidays: 6.00 AM – 6.00 PM

HOW TO REACH : Ramappa temple is located at a distance of nearly 70 km from Warangal city and is accessible by road.

Ramappa Lake

ramappalake The Kakatiya rulers are known for their traditions of constructing a tank adjacent to any temple. The Ramappa Lake was also excavated near the temple, which beholds a great scenic beauty, with the serene surroundings, rendering a mystical air to this temple.

Pakhal Lake

pakhallake The beautiful Warangal city not only houses some extraordinary monuments but also charms its visitors with a very beautiful Pakhal Lake. Pakhal is situated at a distance of about 50 kms on the east of Warangal city. If you want to experience heaven on earth, then you must not miss visiting this stunning lake on moonlit nights. The brilliantly shining moon, water gossiping on shores, and a loved one by your side… what else can one ask for. This is one of the most popular picnic spots in Warangal. Pakhal Lake, gives you a calming and soothing trip amidst undulating forest hills and dales. The lake was constructed in the 1213 AD by the Kakatiya king Ganapathi Dev.

The Pakhal lake which is enveloped by the scenic forested hills, is spread over an area of 30 Sq. Kms. The harness of a small tributary of the River Krishna, is a must see sight.

HOW TO REACH : Pakhal Lake is accessible by road from Warangal city, located nearly 54 km away.

Kolanupaka

kolanupaka Located close to Warangal-Hyderabad highway, Kolanupaka represents a fusion of history and religion. It was believed to be the 11th century capital of the Kalyani Chulukyas and the birthplace of a great Veera Shaiva called Saint Renukacharya,. It is a famous pilgrim centre for Jains.

Ethrunagaram

ethrunagaram Located 80 km from Warangal city, the Eturunagaram Sanctuary, on banks of River Godavari, is a dense forest, which is home to Spotted Deer, Neelgai, Blackbuck, Sloth Bear, Panther and Tiger. The best season to visit Eturunagaram Sanctuary is between October and May.

Mallikarjuna Swamy Temple

mallikarjuna The temple Sri Mallikarjuna Swamy is one of the famous temples in Telangana region. The Sri Mallikarjuna Swamy temple is an ancient temple which has about five hundred years of great history and is dedicated to lord Mallikarjuna Swamy (idol of Lord Shiva), the temple is located in a cave and situated in Warangal district, Kommeraveli village and Cheriala Mandal. It is nearly 85 km from Hyderabad and 110 km from Warangal. Scores of devotees visit this temple on Shiva Rathri, offer prayers and get blessed. Jathara (utsavams) is celebrated every year on Makara Sankranthi, the history of the temple says that it’s been five hundred years since the statue of the lord Mallikarjuna Swamy was installed. The main deity of the temple Kommeraveli Mallanna showers his blessings on all the devotees.

HOW TO REACH : Sri Mallikarjuna Swamy Devasthanam is located in Komuravelli village and is well accessible by road through Karimnagar – Hyderabad Highway in Cherial Mandal. It is situated nearly 85 km from Hyderabad and 110 km from Warangal on a hillock.

Sammakka Saralamma Temple

sammakkasaralammatemple The Sammakka Saralamma temple in Warangal was built during the 12th century. This temple has no mythological background relating to the construction of the temple; instead, it is believed to be built in the memory of two tribal women. The main deity(s) of the Sammakka Saralamma temple are two brave women who stood up for their community and its betterment. They became Martyrs in the battle. According to the legend, once a troop from the Koya tribal community was returning from a trip, when they saw a little girl playing with the tigress. The head of the troop saw the girl and inspired by her bravery, he adopted her and named her as Samakka. Later she married a headman of a neighboring tribal group and had a daughter, Sarakka. Both the mother and daughter protested the Kakatiya kings who forced the tribes to pay taxes. Both the women fought bravely and reportedly lost their lives. The Koya community constructed this temple as a token of gratitude. Annually an event called Sammakka Saralamma jatara is held which is considered as one of the largest tribal festivals of the world. The deities are brought from the forest to a spot for a period of 10-12 days when more than one crore devotees offer prayers and gift ‘bangaram’, which is pure jaggery to the deities. The entire place reverberates with divine chants and elaborate arrangements are made for this Jathara with thousands of buses plying to and fro with pilgrims.

HOW TO REACH : The temple located in Medaram is nearly 90 km from Warangal city, the district headquarters and there are regular buses available during the annual Jatara.

Image & Information copyright by telanganatourism.gov.in

Posted in: India, Telangana
 

Speak Your Mind

*

Photos

 
Swayam Infotech