Among the various protected areas in the country, the Kanger Valley National Park near Jagdalpur, in the Bastar region of Chhattisgarh is one of the most beautiful and densest national parks, Kanger Ghati National Park (also called Kanger Valley National Park) was declared a national park in 1982 by the Government of India. Kanger Ghati National Park is known for its splendid waterfalls, underground limestone caves, stupendous biodiversity and, of course, its beautiful landscape. Kanger Ghati National Park is around 20km from Jagdalpur in Chattisgarh. Jagdalpur is a city in the Bastar region of Chattisgarh.
National park is an area which is strictly reserved for the betterment of the wildlife & biodiversity, and where activities like developmental, forestry, poaching, hunting and grazing on cultivation are not permitted. The Park is famous for its biodiversity with picturesque landscape, magnificent waterfalls, and underground limestone caves. The Kanger Ghati National Park in Chhattisgarh bears a living testimony to the helping hands that have been forwarded by the Indian environmentalists and avid animal lovers alike. If you are considering a tour to Chhattisgarh be sure to include this exciting National Park in your travel itinerary. No wonder it has been attracting more and more tourists to its beautiful valleys.
Spread over an area of approximately 200 square kilometres (77 sq mi) consisting mainly of hilly terrain, the park derives its name from the Kanger River, which flows throughout its length. Kanger River is the lifeline of the park. The river not just nourishes the entire valley, but also adds to the aesthetic appeal. There is a Valley approximately 33.5 km long and approx 6 km wide on average that starts from Tirathgarh waterfalls extends upto the boundary of the state Orissa’s, River Kolab.
Kanger Ghati National Park provides you much more than Wildlife in Chhattisgar. The Kailash caves, the Kutamsar caves and the Dandak caves provide ample scope to the tourists for exploring this dense terrain. The dense jungles of Kanger houses many animals like jackals, rhesus macaque, tiger, leopard, striped hyena, monitor lizards, pythons and so on. It also has numerous species of avifauna and is mainly famous for Bastar Hill Myna.
Attraction in Kangar Ghati National Park :
Flora & fauna :
The Park also has a sizable tribal population and is an ideal destination for wildlife enthusiasts, nature lovers, researchers, anthropologists and for anyone who wants to discover the very best of Chhattisgarh wildlife and unique tribes of the region as well as varied flora and fauna.
The flora in the park consists chiefly of mixed moist deciduous type of forests with predominance of Sal, Teak and Bamboo trees. In fact, the Kanger Valley is the only region in the Peninsular India where one of the last pockets of virgin and untouched forests still left. According to the survey done by the Botanical Survey of India and other Research Organizations, the National park has 553 floral species out of which 12 species are new to Chhattisgarh, 43 species are reported rare. Floral diversity includes insitu gene bank of medicinal plants, grasses, climbers, wild sugarcane, canes, ferns, epiphytes, Sal, teak, bamboo and their rich associates.
Major Wildlife of the Kanger Valley National Park are the Tigers, Leopards, Mouse Deer, Wild Cat, Chital, Sambar, Barking Deer, Jackals, Langurs, Rhesus Macaque, Sloth Bear, Flying Squirrel, Wild Boar, Striped Hyena, Rabbits, Pythons, Cobra, Crocodiles, Monitor Lizards and Snakes to name a few. The avian fauna at the Park includes Hill Myna, Spotted Owlet, Red Jungle Fowls, Racket-tailed Drongos, Peacocks, Parrots, Steppe Eagles, Red Spur Fall, Phakta, Bhura Teeter, Tree Pie and Heron among many others. A few tributaries form marshy land in early dry season due to natural seepage. Ekta Jhodi, Kyam nallah, Karanji Jhodi, Rajamunda, Punji Jhodi, Komkel Jhodi forms good marshy area which are good habitat of wild boar and sloth bear. Chital and barking dear, Panther are mainly found in this marshy area. Kariya Ama nallah is perennial marshy belt and is ideal habitat of wild boar, sloth bear, chital, leopard & tiger.
Tirathgarh Waterfalls :
Tirathgarh Waterfalls can be termed as “Milky Fall” because of the white colour of the water as it descends down the rocky slope giving an impression as if milk is falling. It is located inside the park. Splashing streams of water comes down at an incredible speed from a height of more than 100 feet on the river Mugabahar that originates in a lake not very far away from this point. The area surrounding the fall features lush green forests that enhance the beauty of the falls.
Limestone Caves :
There are huge limestone deposits in Kanger Ghati National Park. where some of them are in the form of caves and the rest of it are in the form of layers or beds one upon the other. Some of the caves that are the world famous because of their layout are Kotamsar cave, Dandak Cave, Kailash Cave and Devgiri cave. All lime stone caves are present North of Kanger River between Madarkonta to Kodri Bahar.These structures have taken million of years for its formation.
Kotumsar Caves :
Kotumsar Caves are about 35 meters below ground level and around 1371 meters long. Kotumsar Cave is a subterranean limestone cave located near the banks of Kanger River in the western portion of National park. Kotumsar underground caves made of limestones. It was discovered by the local people around year 1900 and explored by a renowned Geographer Mr. Sankar Tiwari in the year 1951 and it is one of the best known caves in Chhattisgarh as well as in India.
The best time of the year to visit the Kanger Valley National Park is between the months of November to June.
How to Reach
By Air : Nearest airport is Raipur airport,Which is 330 km away from Kanger Valley National Park.
By Rail : Nearest railway station is Jagdalpur railway station, about 27 Km from the Kanger Valley National Park. Jagdalpur railway station is well connected by road to Kanger Valley National Park.
By Road :Kanger Valley is well approachable from Jagdalpur, district head quarter of Bastar. It is at a distance of about 27 km from Jagdalpur on the Jagdalpur – Konta road. Kanger Valley National Park is well connected to Major Cities and Places by road network. There are a number of government and privately operated vehicles that go to Kanger Valley National Park at frequent intervals.
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