Nalanda was an ancient Mahavihara, a revered Buddhist monastery that also served as a famous center of learning in the ancient state of Magadha in modern Bihar, India. Nalanda University gained considerable fame, prestige, and relevance during ancient times, and reached a legendary position around the fourth century due to its contribution to the emergence of India as a great power.
It was one of the greatest centers of learning in the world from the fifth century CE to c. 1200 CE, which is located about 95 km from southeast of Patna and near the city of Bihar Sharif. now it’s become a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Jal Mandir or Water Temple is situated in Pawapuri of Nalanda city. It is a major pilgrimage site for Jains and the temple is dedicated to the 24th Tirthankar Lord Mahavira which marks the place of his funeral. In 527 BC, Mahavira attained Nirvana at Pavapuri. The temple was originally built by the elder brother of Mahavira, King Nandivardhana, and is filled with red lotus flowers inside the lake. It is one of the five main temples of Pavpuri, where Mahavira’s “Charan Paduka” or footprint is distorted.
Son Bhandar Caves
Son Bhandar Caves, also known as Sonebhandar, are two artificial caves located in Rajgir, Bihar. They belonged to the Jains. The caves are usually dated to the 3rd or 4th century CE, based on a dedicated inscription found in the largest cave using the secret script of the 4th century CE, although some authors have suggested that the caves may actually date back to the Mauryan period. Empire from 319 to 180 BCE. The cave is reminiscent of the formation of the Berberic Caves, six of India’s first artificial caves, and its entrance is trapezoidal, the main cave being rectangular with a pointed roof.
The quality and finish of “Mauryan polish” are nonetheless very secondary. it does not require the same effort and technique, cause The stone of the Son Bhandar is much less hard than the granite of the Barabar caves.
Saptaparni Cave, also known as Saptapar Cave or Sattapanni Cave, is literally a seven-leaf-cave, a Buddhist cave located 2 km west of Rajgir. It is embedded in a hill. The Saptaparni Cave is important in the Buddhist tradition because many believe that it was the place where the Buddha spent some time before his death, and where the first Buddhist conference was held after the Buddha’s death. It is here that a council of a few hundred monks decided to appoint Ananda and Upali, which is a good memory and is believed to have composed the teachings of the Buddha for future generations when he preached with the Buddha in North India.