Rani ki vav is located in Patan. It has been listed as one of UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites since 2014. It is a heritage place in Gujarat. Rani Ki Vav is located on the banks of the Saraswati river. It is built as a memorial in the 11th century CE, It was built as a religious as well as the functional structure and designed as an inverted temple highlighting. It is divided into seven levels of stairs with sculptural panels. It is divided into 7 sections with sculptural panels.
History of Rani ki vav
Rani Ki vav was built in the 11th century. Rani Ki Vav was created by Rani Udaymati in the memorial of Raja Bhimdev. Udayamati built this novel stepwell at Patan surpassing the glory of the Sahastralinga TankIt is oriented in an east-west direction and merges all of the principal
ingredient of a stepwell, including a stepped corridor beginning at ground level, a series of four pavilions with an expanded amount of stories towards the west, the tank, and the well in the tunnel shaft form. It is declared the Monument of National Importance and protected by the ASI.
In this monument, a collection of semi-historical stories named Prabhandh Chita Mani, compiled in Rani 14th century, shows the love of memorial for her beloved husband. Rani Ki Vav was named “Cleanest Iconic Place” at the 2016 Indian Sanitation Conference. Over time, the Saraswati River changed its course of flow. In the late 1980s, the Archaeological Survey of India started excavations on the site, desilting and re-establish the structure to its present form.
The east-facing memorial is spread over 12 acres of land. This stepwell is 64 meters long, 20 meters wide and 27 meters deep, and is designed like an inverted temple. Rani ki vav was constructed in the Maru-Gurjara architectural style. Rani Ki Vav has more than 500 theoretical sculptures. There are more than 1000 religious, mythological, and secular imagery, often referencing literary works. The stepwell is designed as an underground inverted temple. In the sculptures in Rani Ki Vav, many deities like Bhramah, Visnu, Devi, etc. are depicted. There are around 226 pillars in this stepwell.