Sher_Shah_Suri_Tomb

The tomb of Sher Shah Suri is in the Sasaram town of Bihar state, India. Sher Shah Suri is truly regarded as one of the brilliant national heroes of India.  Sher Shah Suri is truly regarded as one of the brilliant national heroes of India.  The tomb was built in memory of Emperor Sher Shah Suri, a Pathan from Bihar who defeated the Mughal Empire and founded the Suri Empire in northern India. the enterprising Pashtun who forced emperor Humayun out of India, took charge of his empire, and established a dynasty that kept the Mughals at bay for 15 long years. Hailed as one of the most magnificent tombs of the ‘octagonal style’ in India, the monument continues to draw a steady stream of visitors throughout the year.

Tomb_of_Hasan_Khan_Suri Sher Shah Suri is truly regarded as one of the brilliant national heroes of India. Apart from a brave, intelligent and tactful military genius with shrewd political foresight, Sher Shah (original name Farid Khan) was a person of extra ordinary skill and ability in civil administration also.  The construction work of this tomb was started by Sher Shah himself and completed by his son and successor Islam Shah some 3 months after the death of Sher Shah in 1545 A.D. The chief architect of this structure was Alawal Khan. UNESCO give the following account ‘The tomb of Sher Shah Suri at Sasaram is an imposing structure of stone standing in the middle of a fine tank and rising from a large stone terrace.It is currently protected and maintained by the Archeological Survey of India. 

Architecture :

Entry_gate_of_Hasan_Khan_Suri's_tomb His tomb is an example of Indo-Islamic architecture, it was designed by the architect Aliwal Khan and built between 1540 and 1545, this red sandstone mausoleum (122 ft high), which stands in the middle of an artificial lake, which is nearly square, is known as the second Taj Mahal of India. The imposing structure is surrounded by all sides with large stone stairways leading to water of the excavated lake. It is an imposing brick structure partly veneered with stone standing in the middle of a fine square tank measuring about 305 mts and rising above a large stone terrace. The 9.15 mts high terrace is enclosed by a parapet wall with octagonal domed pavilions at four corners. The eastern side there is a grand doorway which is the only way to the Tomb. These verandahs further include 24 smaller domes supported by four arches. Its roof is also a pillared cupola which used to have white glazed tiles that are much faded now. 

Balcony_at_Sher_Shah_Suri_Tomb The 3-storied mausoleum is located on a low octagonal pedestal right at the middle of the terrace. The mausoleum was originally planned to be a typical island tomb with no access to the mainland. These arches stand 22 ft tall to support the lofty dome, which is one of the largest domes in India. The main mausoleum building has large octagonal chamber surrounded by a wide verandah on all of its sides. The chamber that houses the main tomb is supported by beautiful arches.  Half-a-kilometer from Sher Shah’s tomb lays the tomb of his son Aslam Shah. It is grand but incomplete. Nearby this location also lies Alawal Khan’s tomb, the superintendent of these constructions on the outskirts of the town.

How To Reach:

By Air: The nearest airport is Gaya (108 km), which is well connected to all major city of India.

By Rail: The Sasaram railway station is well connected to all major city of India.

By Road: Sasaram is well connected to other major cities of the country via regular buses.

ImageCopyright by commons.wikimedia.org

 

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