Manali is a cosmopolitan town. People from different parts of India have settled here. As of 2001 India census. Manali had a population of 6265. Males constitute 64% of the population and females 36%. Manali has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 80%, and female literacy is 63%. In Manali, 9% of the population is under 6 years of age.
In ancient times, the valley was sparsely populated by nomadic hunters known as ‘rakshas’. The next arrivals were the shepherds who arrived from the Kangra Valley and settled to take up agriculture. Some of the earliest inhabitants of the region are the ‘naur’ or ‘nar’, which is a caste unique to the Kullu valley. Only a few naur families are known to exist now. A naur family in the village Soyal near Haripur on the west bank of Manali was famous for the vast land they owned and their practice of having ‘rakshas’ as their labourers.
The British introduced apple trees and trout, which were not native to Manali flora and fauna. It is said that when apple trees were first planted the fruits were so plentiful that often branches, unable to bear the weight, would collapse. To this day, apple—along with plum and pear—remains the best source of income for the majority of its inhabitants.Tourism in Manali received a boost after the rise of militancy in Kashmir in the late 1980s. This once quiet village was transformed into a bustling town with many hotels and restaurants.
Day 01: Chandigarh – Manali
Today morning after breakfast you are driven by car to Manali (approx 311 Kms / 7-8 hrs). Upon arrival check in at the hotel. Manali is a combination of natural splendour and rich heritage. In the morning after breakfast you are taken to visit the Hadimba Devi Temple built in the tranquil and serene woods, Vashist Bath, Tibetian Monastery – which houses several images of Lord Buddha and Tankha paintings and Roerich Art Gallery. Enjoy the rest of the day shopping and at leisure.
Day 02: Manali – Excursion to Rohtang Pass
Today you enjoy an early morning breakfast and are driven for an excursion to Rohtang Pass. The majesty of the mountains can be seen at their best here. On your descent to Manali halt at the Rahalla falls and Solang Valley. The magnificent views and natural beauty are never-ending source of delight.
Day 03: Manali – Solang Valley- Manali
In the morning after breakfast you are driven to Solang Valley (approx 11.55 Kms / 23M). Here you can opt for various adventure sports. You can try your hand at Paragliding, River Crossing, Mountain Biking, Zorbing, Rock Climbing, Skiing etc (optional on your own). Later in the evening return to Manali and rest.
Day 04: Manali – Shimla
In the morning after breakfast you depart for Shimla (approx 249 Kms / 6 – 7 hrs). Upon arrival check in at the hotel. Rest of the day is at leisure. You can enjoy a stroll in the famous shopping place of Shimla town – The Mall & The Ridge.